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Mr. Eduardo Valdivia-Velarde and Ms. Tamara Razin

Abstract

The Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Compilation Guide is a companion document to the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6) published in 2009. The purpose of the Guide is to show how the conceptual framework described in the BPM6 may be implemented in practice. The Guide is not intended to be a “stand-alone” manual; users of the Guide should be familiar with the BPM6.

Mr. Eduardo Valdivia-Velarde and Ms. Tamara Razin

Abstract

The Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual 6: Compilation Guide is a companion document to the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6). The purpose of the Guide is to show how the conceptual framework described in the BPM6 may be implemented in practice and to provide practical advice on source data and methodologies for compiling statistics on the balance of payments and the international investment position. The Guide is not intended to be a stand-alone manual, and readers should be familiar with the BPM6.

Mr. Eduardo Valdivia-Velarde and Ms. Tamara Razin

Abstract

The Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Compilation Guide is a companion document to the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6) published in 2009. The purpose of the Guide is to show how the conceptual framework described in the BPM6 may be implemented in practice. The Guide is not intended to be a “stand-alone” manual; users of the Guide should be familiar with the BPM6.

Mr. Eduardo Valdivia-Velarde and Ms. Tamara Razin

Abstract

The Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Compilation Guide is a companion document to the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6) published in 2009. The purpose of the Guide is to show how the conceptual framework described in the BPM6 may be implemented in practice. The Guide is not intended to be a “stand-alone” manual; users of the Guide should be familiar with the BPM6.

Mr. Eduardo Valdivia-Velarde and Ms. Tamara Razin

Abstract

Le Guide pour l’établissement de la balance des paiements et de la position extérieure globale est un document qui accompagne la sixième édition du Manuel de la balance des paiements et de la position extérieure globale (MBP6), publiée en 2009. Son objectif est de montrer comment le cadre conceptuel qui est décrit dans le MBP6 peut être appliqué dans la pratique. Il n’est pas destiné à être utilisé séparément; les utilisateurs du Guide doivent être familiarisés avec le MBP6.

Mario Pessoa, Andrew Okello, Artur Swistak, Muyangwa Muyangwa, Virginia Alonso-Albarran, and Vincent de Paul Koukpaizan
The value-added tax (VAT) has the potential to generate significant government revenue. Despite its intrinsic self-enforcement capacity, many tax administrations find it challenging to refund excess input credits, which is critical to a well-functioning VAT system. Improperly functioning VAT refund practices can have profound implications for fiscal policy and management, including inaccurate deficit measurement, spending overruns, poor budget credibility, impaired treasury operations, and arrears accumulation.This note addresses the following issues: (1) What are VAT refunds and why should they be managed properly? (2) What practices should be put in place (in tax policy, tax administration, budget and treasury management, debt, and fiscal statistics) to help manage key aspects of VAT refunds? For a refund mechanism to be credible, the tax administration must ensure that it is equipped with the strategies, processes, and abilities needed to identify VAT refund fraud. It must also be prepared to act quickly to combat such fraud/schemes.
Mr. Eduardo Valdivia-Velarde and Ms. Tamara Razin

Abstract

La Guía de Compilación de la Balanza de Pagos y la Posición de Inversión Internacional es un documento adjunto a la sexta edición del Manual de Balanza de Pagos y Posición de Inversión Internacional (MBP6) publicado en 2009. El objetivo de la Guía es mostrar la forma en que el marco conceptual descrito en el MBP6 puede ser implementado en la práctica. La Guía no pretende ser un documento independiente; los usuarios de la Guía deben estar familiarizados con el MBP6.

Kenneth Egesa and Howard Murad
Private cross-border financial flows and stocks have grown to account for an increasingly significant part of overall transactions and positions in many African countries. Direct reporting through enterprise surveys has become a key data source to enable them to be measured accurately. The paper describes a multi-year technical assistance project in The Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Mauritius, Mozambique, and Nigeria, where annual enterprise surveys are now established. To varying degrees, the survey results have been incorporated into the balance of payments and International Investment Position statistics. The case studies may serve as a useful reference for other countries embarking on efforts to establish direct reporting of cross-border financial flows and stocks.