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Metodij Hadzi-Vaskov, Mr. Javier Kapsoli, and Mr. Bogdan Lissovolik
Policy efforts to strengthen fiscal prudence, gain credibility, and ensure fiscal sustainability have long been priorities for policymakers in CAPDR countries. Some countries in the region have introduced fiscal responsibility frameworks to meet these objectives, while others are considering similar legal structures. Taking stock of the main characteristics and results so far, both in CAPDR and in other emerging market economies, reveals key challenges for countries considering embarking on the journey to fiscal responsibility.
Cristhian Vera, PraChi Mishra, and Rogelio Morales
The views expressed in this chapter are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or its Board of Directors. This chapter represents an application of Mishra, Montiel, and Spilimbergo (2012) to the Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic (CAPDR) countries.
Kimberly beaton, Mr. Mario Dehesa, Mr. Fernando L Delgado, and Xiaodan Ding
Financial stability is key to inclusive and sustained growth. Financial crises frequently result in large output and wealth losses, and they tend to affect people in middle- and lower-middle classes harder than the wealthy, sapping broad-based economic growth. Without remedies against the often severe consequences of financial crises, prevention is better than cures that deal with their impact after the event. To mitigate the financial stability risks that emanate from financial institutions, countries have traditionally relied on prudential regulations and more recently on risk-based supervision to buffer financial shocks. However, risks to systemic stability can also stem from real sector shocks. As seen during the global financial crisis of 2008, cross-border and cross-sector spillovers can intensify both.