This 2005 Article IV Consultation highlights that Argentina’s economy has rebounded strongly from the financial crisis in late 2001. Reflecting buoyant domestic demand, real GDP grew close to 9 percent in both 2003 and 2004, bringing real output level back to the peak level achieved prior to the crisis. Growth has continued in the first quarter, and consumer and business confidence indicators remain at high levels. Inflation, however, has accelerated amid rising demand, increased capacity constraints, growing wage pressures, and monetary accommodation.
This paper describes major economic developments in Brazil in 1997. A number of issues were analyzed in the paper, including the slow progress being made in the negotiation of the fiscal adjustment programs with the states, the sustainability of the growing current account deficit, as well as the strength of the banking system following macroeconomic stabilization. The paper discusses the post-Real crisis in the states and the state adjustment programs being negotiated with the federal government. Privatization and the associated foreign direct investment flows are also described.
International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
First Reviews Under the Stand-By Arrangement and the Arrangement Under the Standby Credit Facility, and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Honduras
Zambia’s strong performance continues under the Extended Credit Facility-supported program. All but one of the quantitative performance criteria were met, and structural reforms are progressing. In the aftermath of exchange rate and copper price fluctuations, the financial sector’s recovery has been slow. The main macroeconomic policy challenge in future is to increase growth further by creating fiscal space for expenditures that would enhance economic diversification and reduce Zambia’s dependence on copper exports. Monetary policy appropriately targets a further reduction in underlying inflation.