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Samuel Paul

Many consider the use of community participation inappropriate, or too difficult, in large-scale internationally funded projects. But in some fields it may be the key to success

Jean-Claude Milleron

This paper presents a snapshot of changes in the world’s health and demographic conditions. The paper highlights that in most parts of the world, individuals are healthier and living longer, thanks to improved health services and living conditions and the more widespread use of immunization, antibiotics, and better contraceptives. Although this trend is likely to continue, hopes are fading in some regions where progress slowed or stopped in the 1990s, primarily as a result of the AIDS epidemic. Moreover, most regions of the developing world will not reach the Millennium Development Goals for health by 2015.

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

This paper presents a snapshot of changes in the world’s health and demographic conditions. The paper highlights that in most parts of the world, individuals are healthier and living longer, thanks to improved health services and living conditions and the more widespread use of immunization, antibiotics, and better contraceptives. Although this trend is likely to continue, hopes are fading in some regions where progress slowed or stopped in the 1990s, primarily as a result of the AIDS epidemic. Moreover, most regions of the developing world will not reach the Millennium Development Goals for health by 2015.

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper highlights that international flows of capital can promote global economic efficiency and can allow countries with balance-of-payments deficits to strike the right balance between reducing their deficits and financing them. The IMF's evolution into an effective international organization is largely attributable to its ability to adapt its activities, policies, policymaking bodies, procedures, and even its Articles in response to changing circumstances. The growth of developed and developing countries is closely linked, but better policy coordination and financial intermediation are needed.
Aubrey Williams

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly magazine brings you in-depth analyses of these and other subjects by the IMF’s own staff as well as by prominent international experts. Articles are written for lay readers who want to enrich their understanding of the workings of the global economy and the policies and activities of the IMF.

Kathryn McPhail

This paper describes the need to broaden the agenda for poverty reduction. The broadening of the agenda follows from a growing understanding that poverty is more than low income, a lack of education, and poor health. The poor are frequently powerless to influence the social and economic factors that determine their well being. The paper highlights that a broader definition of poverty requires a broader set of actions to fight it and increases the challenge of measuring poverty and comparing achievement across countries and over time.

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

IMF Acting Managing Director Stanley Fischer announced in a press release dated April 14 that he has named Flemming Larsen, a national of Denmark, as Director of the IMF’s Office in Europe. Larsen, who is currently the Deputy Director of the IMF’s Research Department, succeeds Christian Brachet.

Mr. Thomas C. Dawson and Miss Gita Bhatt
In the space of just a few years, the term “civil society” has entered the international policy vocabulary in many contexts. The IMF’s engagement with civil society organizations (CSOs) raises several broad questions: Which CSOs have been, and should be, engaged by the Fund? What questions should IMF-CSO engagement address? What are the limits to the dialogue? This paper examines the evolution of IMF-civil society relations and their effects on the Fund. It also seeks to identify the tensions that underlie the relationship.