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Acronyms

Acronyms »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

CAB cyclically adjusted balance CAPB...

Appendix 1. Reforming Energy Subsidies

Appendix 1. Reforming Energy Subsidies »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

Energy subsidies are high in many emerging market economies and low-income countries because of limited pass-through of recent increases in international energy prices to domestic c...

Chapter 2 Curbing Corruption

Chapter 2 Curbing Corruption »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2019 : Curbing Corruption

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498302180

Keywords: Corruption, Corruption in politics. Economic aspects, Economic growth, Economic stabilization, Economic integration, Tax revenue, Fiscal policy, inclusive growth, global integration, fiscal outlook

Introduction Corruption—the abuse of public office for private gain—distorts the activities of the state and ultimately takes a toll on economic growth and the quality of people’s li...

Chapter 1. Debt: Use It Wisely

Chapter 1. Debt: Use It Wisely »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Market economies, Public debt, Fiscal space, Development, Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, financial crisis, recovery

Introduction The global gross debt of the nonfinancial sector has more than doubled in nominal terms since the turn of the century, reaching $152 trillion in 2015....

Chapter 2. Digital Government

Chapter 2. Digital Government »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

Digitalization presents both opportunities and risks for fiscal policy. It has the potential to improve the design and implementation of fiscal policy, but it also creates new challenges. This c...

Chapter 1 Fiscal Policy for a Changing Global Economy

Chapter 1 Fiscal Policy for a Changing Global Economy »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2019 : Curbing Corruption

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498302180

Keywords: Corruption, Corruption in politics. Economic aspects, Economic growth, Economic stabilization, Economic integration, Tax revenue, Fiscal policy, inclusive growth, global integration, fiscal outlook

With global growth slowing and uncertainty rising, fiscal policy should prepare for potential downturns—balancing stabilization and sustainability objectives—and put more emphasis on reforms to...

Chapter 1. How to Mitigate Climate Changes

Chapter 1. How to Mitigate Climate Changes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

Introduction Without substantial mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, global temperatures are projected to rise by around 4°C above preindustrial levels by 2100 (they have already...

Chapter 1 Managing Public Wealth

Chapter 1 Managing Public Wealth »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2018 : Managing Public Wealth

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484367612

Keywords: Public sector, Balance sheets, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Expenditures, balance sheet, public wealth, liquid assets, net (financial) worth, gross debt

Introduction Public sector balance sheets (PSBSs) provide the most comprehensive view of public wealth, yet they are little understood, poorly measured, and only partly managed. Stan...

Chapter 1. Saving for a Rainy Day

Chapter 1. Saving for a Rainy Day »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

With near-term growth on stronger footing, policymakers can turn their attention to rebuilding buffers and supporting medium-term growth. The pickup in economic activity in 2017 has been broad-b...

Chapter 1. Tackling Inequality

Chapter 1. Tackling Inequality »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2017 : Tackling Inequality

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484312483

Keywords: Income inequality, Tax rates, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Health care spending, Income distribution, Social safety nets, inequality, fiscal redistribution, tax progressivity

Introduction Depending on whether income inequality is assessed across or within countries, the picture that emerges can be starkly different. If inequality is examined at the global...