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Africa in the Doha Round

Africa in the Doha Round »

Source: Africa in the Doha Round : Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond

Volume/Issue: 2005/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

ISBN: 9781451975796

Keywords: Africa, Multilateral trade negotiations, World Trade Organization, Doha Round, preference erosion, special and differential treatment, market access, export markets, tariff cuts, trade barriers,

Improving market access in industrial countries and retaining preferences have been Africa's two key objectives in the Doha Round trade negotiations. This paper argues that African negotiators may have overlooked t...

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators*

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators* »

Source: A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators

Volume/Issue: 1993/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451972368

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate indicators, effective exchange rates, effective exchange rate

The paper reviews the basis for the use of various popular exchange rate indicators by tracing their conceptual development, the links between these indicators, and how they are measured in actual practice. It also...

Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings

Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings »

Source: Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings

Volume/Issue: 2005/9

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Julie Kozack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451975840

Keywords: Financial crisis, Discount rates, International financial markets, Sovereign debt restructuring, Discount rate, net present value, debt, debt restructuring, debt sustainability, debt service

Assessments regarding the effectiveness of sovereign debt restructurings are often summarized by comparisons of the net present value of debt service before and after the restructuring. These calculations are inher...

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Source: FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

Foreign Direct Investment in China

Foreign Direct Investment in China »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment in China : Some Lessons for Other Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Harm Zebregs , and Wanda Tseng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451974171

Keywords: Foreign direct investment, China, fdi, investment, foreign investors, foreign investment

China's increasing openness to foreign direct investment (FDI) has contributed importantly to its exceptional growth performance. This paper examines China's experience with FDI and identifies some lessons for othe...

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators »

Volume/Issue: 1993/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972368.003

ISBN: 9781451972368

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate indicators, effective exchange rates, effective exchange rate

The paper reviews the basis for the use of various popular exchange rate indicators by tracing their conceptual development, the links between these indicators, and how they are measured in actual practice. It also...

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries
			: Lessons from Recent Experience

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries : Lessons from Recent Experience »

Volume/Issue: 1993/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Charles Collyns

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971187.003

ISBN: 9781451971187

Keywords: debt reduction, debt restructuring, bank debt, debt service, debt service reduction

A number of developing countries, including some of the largest debtors, have recently completed comprehensive debt and debt service restructuring packages with their commercial bank creditors. The experience of th...

The New Protectionism in Industrial Countries
			: Beyond the Uruguay Round

The New Protectionism in Industrial Countries : Beyond the Uruguay Round »

Volume/Issue: 1994/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Douglas Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972405.003

ISBN: 9781451972405

Keywords: international trade, import competition, trade restrictions, comparative advantage, domestic firms

This paper presents a broad overview of trade protection in industrial countries from the 1970s to the present. The emphasis of such measures has shifted from the protection of agriculture and basic manufacturing i...

The United States
			: Japan Current Account Imbalance:  A Review

The United States : Japan Current Account Imbalance: A Review »

Volume/Issue: 1994/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451970708.003

ISBN: 9781451970708

Keywords: exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, trade flows, real exchange rates

This paper reviews the macroeconomic and microeconomic dimensions of the United States-Japan conflict over trade. From a macroeconomic perspective, there is nothing surprising about Japan’s surpluses, given...

Africa in the Doha Round
			: Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond

Africa in the Doha Round : Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond »

Volume/Issue: 2005/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975796.003

ISBN: 9781451975796

Keywords: Africa, Multilateral trade negotiations, World Trade Organization, Doha Round, preference erosion, special and differential treatment, market access, export markets, tariff cuts, trade barriers,

Improving market access in industrial countries and retaining preferences have been Africa's two key objectives in the Doha Round trade negotiations. This paper argues that African negotiators may have overlooked t...