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Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: A New Look at Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Clark , Shang-Jin Wei , Natalia Tamirisa , Azim Sadikov , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063587

Keywords: Capital flows, Exchange rates, Trade, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, real exchange rate, bilateral trade

The effect of exchange rate volatility on trade flows was examined by a 1984 IMF study on G-7 countries. Over the past two decades, many developments in the world economy, such as the currency crises in the 1990s a...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: A New Look at Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Clark , Shang-Jin Wei , Natalia Tamirisa , Azim Sadikov , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063587

Keywords: Capital flows, Exchange rates, Trade, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, real exchange rate, bilateral trade

The effect of exchange rate volatility on trade flows was examined by a 1984 IMF study on G-7 countries. Over the past two decades, many developments in the world economy, such as the currency crises in the 1990s a...

Appendix: Determining Whether Countries with Stable Exchange Rates and a Common Currency Trade More

Appendix: Determining Whether Countries with Stable Exchange Rates and a Common Currency Trade More »

Source: A New Look at Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Clark , Shang-Jin Wei , Natalia Tamirisa , Azim Sadikov , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063587

Keywords: Capital flows, Exchange rates, Trade, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, real exchange rate, bilateral trade

While there is some evidence of a negative effect of exchange rate volatility on trade, it is not robust to variations in specification. This is true both for aggreg...

Confronting Budget Deficits

Confronting Budget Deficits »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756152.051

ISBN: 9781557756152

Keywords: unemployment, health care, social welfare, welfare programs, social security

The phenomenon of substantial peacetime budget deficits over the past20 years has been traced to the burden of entitlements, a slowdown ineconomic productivity, and demographic and macroeconomic shifts in theindust...

Confronting Budget Deficits

Confronting Budget Deficits »

Source: Confronting Budget Deficits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557756152

Keywords: unemployment, health care, social welfare, welfare programs, social security

Political leaders have so frequently cried wolf over budgetary spending that voters are skeptical about talk of budgetary crises. This is unfortunate, since deficits should arouse genuine concern, particular...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Confronting Budget Deficits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557756152

Keywords: unemployment, health care, social welfare, welfare programs, social security

The phenomenon of substantial peacetime budget deficits over the past20 years has been traced to the burden of entitlements, a slowdown ineconomic productivity, and demographic and macroeconomic shifts in theindust...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: A New Look at Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Clark , Shang-Jin Wei , Natalia Tamirisa , Azim Sadikov , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063587

Keywords: Capital flows, Exchange rates, Trade, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, real exchange rate, bilateral trade

In 1984 the IMF produced a study for the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) on the impact of exchange rate volatility on world trade. That study was motivated by an increase in protec...

II A Brief Review of the Theoretical and Empirical Literature

II A Brief Review of the Theoretical and Empirical Literature »

Source: A New Look at Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Clark , Shang-Jin Wei , Natalia Tamirisa , Azim Sadikov , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063587

Keywords: Capital flows, Exchange rates, Trade, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, real exchange rate, bilateral trade

Since the appearance of the 1984 IMF study on the effects of exchange rate volatility on trade, two survey papers covering the literature on this topic have appeared, Côté (1994) and McKenzie (1...

III Recent History and Geography of Exchange Rate Volatility

III Recent History and Geography of Exchange Rate Volatility »

Source: A New Look at Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Clark , Shang-Jin Wei , Natalia Tamirisa , Azim Sadikov , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063587

Keywords: Capital flows, Exchange rates, Trade, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, real exchange rate, bilateral trade

Measuring Exchange Rate Volatility In the voluminous literature on exchange rate volatility and trade, there is no consensus on the appropriate method for measuring such volatility....

Revenue Administration
			: Autonomy in Tax Administration and the Revenue Authority Model

Revenue Administration : Autonomy in Tax Administration and the Revenue Authority Model »

Volume: 10

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): William Joseph Crandall

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462353569.005

ISBN: 9781462353569

Keywords: Revenue administration, Governance, Tax administration, Revenue Authority, autonomy, public administration, civil service, budget management, ministry of finance,

This technical note focuses on the concept of autonomy and describes why it is important in public administration. There has been a tendency for governments to increase the autonomy of their departments and agencie...