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Assessing Fiscal Stress

Assessing Fiscal Stress »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Stress

Volume/Issue: 2011/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Dobrescu , Iva Petrova , Nazim Belhocine , and Emanuele Baldacci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455254316

Keywords: fiscal stress, fiscal vulnerability, public debt crises, sovereign default, public debt, fiscal indicators, fiscal crisis, fiscal variables, National Deficit Surplus, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes

This paper develops a new index which provides early warning signals of fiscal sustainability problems for advanced and emerging economies. Unlike previous studies, the index assesses the determinants of fiscal str...

Audit Committees in Central Banks

Audit Committees in Central Banks »

Source: Audit Committees in Central Banks

Volume/Issue: 2007/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth Sullivan , Marie-Therese Camilleri , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866377

Keywords: audit committees, audit committee, internal audit, financial statements, corporate governance,

This paper reviews the tasks and design of audit committees, increasingly recommended as a way to strengthen financial accountability and good central bank governance. It outlines the motivations for the establishm...

Being Poor, Feeling Poorer

Being Poor, Feeling Poorer »

Source: Being Poor, Feeling Poorer : Inequality, Poverty and Poverty Perceptions in the Western Balkans

Volume/Issue: 2016/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zsoka Koczan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

ISBN: 9781475515060

Keywords: Poverty and inequality, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of, Montenegro, Serbia, Poverty measurement, Cross country analysis

Emerging Europe has undergone a major economic transformation over the past 25 years. Most countries experienced initial drops in output during transition, followed by recovery in the second half of the 1990s. The...

Boosting Job Growth in the Western Balkans

Boosting Job Growth in the Western Balkans »

Source: Boosting Job Growth in the Western Balkans

Volume/Issue: 2014/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dmitriy Kovtun , Alexis Mayer Cirkel , Zuzana Murgasova , Dustin Smith , and Suchanan Tambunlertchai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484391037

Keywords: The Balkans, unemployment, labor market, employment, long-term unemployment, labor force, General,

Labor markets in the Western Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia) are characterized by some of the highest unemployment and low employment rates in Europe. W...

Breaking the Curse of Sisyphus

Breaking the Curse of Sisyphus »

Source: Breaking the Curse of Sisyphus : An Empirical Analysis of Post-Conflict Economic Transitions

Volume/Issue: 2013/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and Mohammad Rahmati

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475531152

Keywords: Civil conflict, conflict recurrence risk, growth, institutions, geography, structural reforms, dynamic panel estimation, post-conflict, real gdp, gdp per capita

This paper provides a broad empirical analysis of the determinants of post-conflict economic transitions across the world during the period 1960-2010, using a dynamic panel estimation approach based on the system-g...

Central Bank Governance

Central Bank Governance »

Source: Central Bank Governance : A Survey of Boards and Management

Volume/Issue: 2004/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JoAnne Morris , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875416

Keywords: central bank, inflation, reserve bank, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative,

This paper identifies issues to consider when designing the structure, size, and composition of the governing boards and management of a central bank. While central bank autonomy and accountability are generally ac...

Credit Flows, Fiscal Policy, and the External Deficit of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Credit Flows, Fiscal Policy, and the External Deficit of Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Source: Credit Flows, Fiscal Policy, and the External Deficit of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Volume/Issue: 2006/276

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Kanda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865363

Keywords: Fiscal, monetary, trade balance, fiscal expenditure, fiscal tightening, disposable income, fiscal consolidation, Estimation, Model Construction and Estimation, General Aggregative Models: Forecasting and Simulation

This paper develops and estimates a model of the trade balance of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Credit flows and the fiscal stance are found to play a significant role in determining the trade balance. On this basis the...

Currency Bloc Formation as a Dynamic Process Based on Trade Network Externalities

Currency Bloc Formation as a Dynamic Process Based on Trade Network Externalities »

Source: Currency Bloc Formation as a Dynamic Process Based on Trade Network Externalities

Volume/Issue: 2004/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875294

Keywords: Currency blocs, trade network externalities, stochastic and dynamic games, path dependency, equation, intermediate goods, probability, average trade, network externalities, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies

The recent experience of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) has stimulated the debate over currency union and reinforced the incentive for the emergence of currency blocs in other regions of the world....

The Economics of Post Conflict Aid

The Economics of Post Conflict Aid »

Source: The Economics of Post Conflict Aid

Volume/Issue: 2002/198

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James McHugh , Theodora Kosma , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451860078

Keywords: reconstruction, humanitarian assistance, post conflict, humanitarian aid, post-conflict, development aid, One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models,

Post conflict aid is different from conventional development aid and has different effects on the recipient economy. The paper builds a theoretical model tailored around the main stylized facts of post conflict aid...

Fiscal Deficit and Public Debt in the Western Balkans

Fiscal Deficit and Public Debt in the Western Balkans »

Source: Fiscal Deficit and Public Debt in the Western Balkans : 15 Years of Economic Transition

Volume/Issue: 2015/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zsoka Koczan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513566399

Keywords: Western Balkans, fiscal policies, deficit, transition, tax, revenues, expenditures, revenue, General, General

In this paper we analyze how Western Balkans public finances adapted to the boom-bust cycle. Large capital inflows into emerging European economies during the mid-2000s resulted in rapid economic growth and converg...