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Anchoring Growth: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Anchoring Growth: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Source: Anchoring Growth : The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2013/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giang Ho , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , and Robert Tchaidze

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2013

ISBN: 9781616357290

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developing countries, Economic growth, Agricultural sector, Fiscal reforms, Manufacturing sector, Labor markets, Labor productivity, Services sector, Total factor productivity

Fostering and sustaining robust economic growth is an imperative across advanced, emerging, and low-income countries alike. Countries will need to focus on supply-side reforms to raise their potential output and an...

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Source: Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth? »

Source: Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2005/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2005

ISBN: 9781498331319

Keywords: Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Agriculture, Capital, Capital goods, Central banking, Central banks, Corruption, Currencies, Developing countries, Development

Broad economic institutions are of fundamental importance for sustained economic growth. Changing these institutions is difficult, particularly for outsiders. But this does not mean that there is no role for the Fu...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514017.086

ISBN: 9781513514017

Keywords: Budgets, Automobile industry, Employment, Euro Area, Gross domestic product, Inflation, Labor, Monetary policy, Trade, Wages

Economic activity in Europe has slowed on the back of weakness in trade and manufacturing. For most of the region, the slowdown remains externally driven. However, some signs of softer domestic demand have started...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514017

Keywords: Budgets, Automobile industry, Employment, Euro Area, Gross domestic product, Inflation, Labor, Monetary policy, Trade, Wages

Economic activity in Europe has slowed on the back of weakness in trade and manufacturing. For most of the region, the slowdown remains externally driven. However, some signs of softer domestic demand have started...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514017

Keywords: Budgets, Automobile industry, Employment, Euro Area, Gross domestic product, Inflation, Labor, Monetary policy, Trade, Wages

Economic activity in Europe has slowed on the back of weakness in trade and manufacturing. For most of the region, the slowdown remains externally driven. However, some signs of softer domestic demand have s...

1. Facing Spillovers from Trade and Manufacturing

1. Facing Spillovers from Trade and Manufacturing »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Europe

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513514017

Keywords: Budgets, Automobile industry, Employment, Euro Area, Gross domestic product, Inflation, Labor, Monetary policy, Trade, Wages

Figure 1.1. Global Trade and Manufacturing Sources: IMF, Global Data Source; and IMF...

Firm Size, Life Cycle Dynamics and Growth Constraints: Evidence from Mexico*

Firm Size, Life Cycle Dynamics and Growth Constraints: Evidence from Mexico* »

Source: Firm Size, Life Cycle Dynamics and Growth Constraints: Evidence from Mexico

Volume/Issue: 2019/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Saborowski , and Florian Misch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498311137

Keywords: Social security, Economic growth, Development, Services industry, Manufacturing sector, Firm size, Firm growth, Life cycle dynamics, Distortions, Klenow

This paper examines the variation in life cycle growth across the universe of Mexican firms. We establish two stylized facts to motivate our analysis: first, we show that firm size matters for development by illust...

Global Declining Competition1

Global Declining Competition1 »

Source: Global Declining Competition

Volume/Issue: 2019/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Federico Diez , Jiayue Fan , and Carolina Villegas-Sánchez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498311113

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Employment, Production, Production functions, Markups, Market power, TFP, Firm size, markup

Using a new firm-level dataset on private and listed firms from 20 countries, we document five stylized facts on market power in global markets. First, competition has declined around the world, measured as a moder...