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Emerging Market Volatility

Emerging Market Volatility »

Source: Emerging Market Volatility : Lessons from The Taper Tantrum

Volume/Issue: 2014/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Vivek Arora , Athanasios Arvanitis , Hamid Faruqee , Papa N'Diaye , and Tommaso Mancini Griffoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498318204

Keywords: Monetary policy, Emerging markets, United States, Capital flows, Financial markets, Capital market volatility, Macroprudential Policy, Developed countries, Tapering, unconventional monetary policy

Accommodative monetary policies in advanced economies have spurred increased capital inflows into emerging markets since the global financial crisis. Starting in May 2013, when the Federal Reserve publicly discusse...

Fair Play:

Fair Play: »

Source: Fair Play : More Equal Laws Boost Female Labor Force Participation

Volume/Issue: 2015/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Christian Gonzales , Sonali Jain-Chandra , Kalpana Kochhar , and Monique Newiak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2015

ISBN: 9781498354424

Keywords: Labor force participation, Gender equality, Women, female labor force participation, gender equity, legal rights, gender, labor force, female labor, Participación en la fuerza laboral;Mujeres;Igualdad de género;Mercados de trabajo;Reformas del mercado laboral;Aspectos económicos de la familia;Análisis entre países

This Staff Discussion Note examines the effect of gender-based legal restrictions and other policy choices and demographic characteristics on female labor force participation. Drawing on a large and novel panel dat...

Fiscal Constraints of a Fixed Exchange Rate Regime

Fiscal Constraints of a Fixed Exchange Rate Regime »

Source: Fiscal Constraints of a Fixed Exchange Rate Regime

Volume/Issue: 1989/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 December 1989

ISBN: 9781451946680

Keywords: exchange rate, fiscal policy, hard currency, exchange rates, fixed exchange rate

The paper considers whether the implementation of a fixed exchange rate regime requires or implies binding constraints on fiscal policy. The main conclusions are that, from a country perspective, the effective cons...

Fiscal Policy, the Real Exchange Rate and Commodity Prices

Fiscal Policy, the Real Exchange Rate and Commodity Prices »

Source: Fiscal Policy, the Real Exchange Rate and Commodity Prices

Volume/Issue: 1990/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1990

ISBN: 9781451851434

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, government spending, fiscal policies

The role of the international commodity market in transmitting disturbances is considered in a model that incorporates commodities as an input in production. The analysis employs a three-country framework: a liquid...

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries »

Source: Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magda Kandil , and Hanan Morsy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455200825

Keywords: credibility, effectiveness, cyclicality, fiscal impulse, exchange rate, fiscal expansion, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Across a sample of thirty four emerging countries, the evidence shows the frequent existence of a pro-cyclical fiscal impulse. However, the scope for countercyclical policy increases with the availability of intern...

How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers?

How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers? »

Source: How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers?

Volume/Issue: 2011/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ethan Ilzetzki , Enrique Mendoza , and Carlos Végh Gramont

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218028

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fiscal multipliers, government expenditure

We contribute to the intense debate on the real effects of fiscal stimuli by showing that the impact of government expenditure shocks depends crucially on key country characteristics, such as the level of developme...

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments1

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments1 »

Source: How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , Laura Jaramillo , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and G. Terrier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2014

ISBN: 9781484378861

Keywords: Deficit, primary balance, size of adjustment, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, Structure and Scope of Government,

The sizeable fiscal consolidation required to stabilize the debt-to-GDP ratios in several countries in the aftermath of the global crisis raises a crucial question on its feasibility. To answer this question, we re...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Switzerland

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Switzerland »

Source: Switzerland : 2012 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; Statement by the Executive Director for Switzerland

Volume/Issue: 2012/106

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503395

Keywords: exchange rate, fiscal rules, real exchange rate, fiscal discipline

This Article IV Consultation reports that Switzerland's exchange rate floor, seen as credible by the markets, has halted appreciation and helped shore up the economy. Once growth recovers and inflation reaches more...

Norway-Recent Economic Developments

Norway-Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1997/26

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451829631.002

ISBN: 9781451829631

Keywords: exchange rate, fiscal policy, exchange rate stability, state budget, fiscal impulse

This paper examines the development of general government finances in Norway during 1988-96. The paper looks at general government revenue and expenditure in detail, examines the importance of revenue from the petr...