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International Monetary Fund


Since the mid-1980s, the need for a modern anti-money-laundering strategy has become widely accepted internationally. The negotiations of the 1988 United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances can be seen as the starting point of this trend. Depriving criminal elements of the proceeds of their crimes has increasingly been seen as an important tool to combat drug trafficking and, more recently, all serious crimes. Progress in this area is becoming a critical element in fighting organized crime, corruption, and the financing of terrorism, and maintaining the integrity of financial markets.

Mr. Robert A Feldman and Mr. Maxwell Watson


For the countries of central Europe—the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, the Slovak Republic, and Slovenia—this is the Accession decade. By contrast with the uncharted waters of transition in the 1990s, the approaches to European Union (EU) membership—and beyond that the euro—are, in many respects, mapped out in advance. And the prospect of EU membership, from the early days of transition, has served as a policy anchor, helping to catalyze and sustain coalitions for reform. But policymakers face continuing challenges as they frame macroeconomic and financial sector policies during the run-up to accession and, in due course, monetary union. These challenges are the subject of the studies presented here.

Ms. Susan M Schadler


Euro adoption in the Central European countries that will shortly accede to the European Union (EU) provides an opportunity to significantly boost the pace of convergence of income levels to those of existing EU countries. A key consideration in decisions on the timing of this move—that is, whether it should be an immediate policy priority or delayed until some notion of readiness is better defined—is what kinds of costs the move is likely to entail and whether waiting would reduce those costs or other vulnerabilities.