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International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

A confluence of pre-existing structural factors and recent macroeconomic shocks are contributing to the aggravation of food insecurity in the Central African Republic. The government has a limited capacity to respond through social protection programs, due to fiscal and institutional fragility. Under the circumstances, the near-term response to reduce the adverse impacts includes increased humanitarian aid and resumption of donor support in the form of grants. In the medium to long term, policies to address the structural drivers of food insecurity should be part of government’s development agenda, acting on all four dimensions of food security—availability, access to, utilization and stability of food.

Ms. Kate Phylaktis and Mahmood Pradhan

We need to understand more deeply a number of critical issues that confront the World Bank and its member countries before we can transform knowledge into effective actions

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Tanzania is highly vulnerable to climate change and at the bottom quartile of readiness score to address its impacts in the global sample. Tanzania is a major food producer, and heavily depends on rain-fed agriculture, but recurrent floods and droughts are increasing in frequency and severity. The Tanzanian authorities acknowledge climate change as a major challenge and are seeking to boost resilience, but the implementation of such plans is at its infancy. Tanzania authorities have expressed interest in the Resilience and Sustainability Trust (RST) to support its efforts to tackle climate change challenges. Against this backdrop, this SIP: (i) presents stylized facts of climate change trends in Tanzania; (ii) examines the macroeconomic impact of climate change, including on economic sectors and food security; (iii) reviews the policy response and explores additional steps for building resilience and improving coping mechanisms; and (iv) analyzes financing implications and sources for climate change adaptation and mitigation.