International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
This statistical appendix paper for the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) was prepared as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country, during the period 2004–11. This paper is based on the information available at the time it was completed on December 20, 2012. It is prepared to assist the authorities in fulfilling their obligations under the amended Compact Agreement. It contains numerous tables of basic data, GDP, several indices, and International Investment Position.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is highly dependent on external aid. Following a recession in FY2006–08, the FSM economy has grown by 2–2½ percent for FY2010 and FY2011. The economy remains dependent on the large public sector, although the fisheries and agriculture sectors have shown signs of growth. Despite some deterioration in current account balance, external balance also has sustained a stable flow of official transfers. However, economic growth is likely to slow in the near term owing to a decline in public sector demand.
This statistical appendix for the Federated States of Micronesia was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with wages. Consumer price index, Pohnpei consumer index, Chuuk consumer index, Kosrae consumer index, and Yap consumer index are also listed. Balance of payments for the years 2004–09 is also given. Interest rates of deposit money banks for 2004–09 are also given. External debt and debt service obligations are also listed.
The economy has recovered following the stabilization of commodity and food prices. The Article IV discussions focused on policies to secure a sustained recovery and achieve long-term economic and fiscal sustainability. The recovery will likely remain weak, and the consolidated fiscal surplus is expected to decline in the near term. Long-term sustainability could be achieved through increasing the fiscal surplus. The reliability, coverage, and timeliness of economic statistics need to be improved to guide policies. The global crisis has increased the urgency of major fiscal and structural reforms.
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
This paper reviews economic developments in the Federated States of Micronesia during 1994–97. Real GDP growth, which has been sluggish in recent years, contracted by 4 percent in FY1997. This mainly reflects a sharp reduction in government expenditures under the reform program implemented by the national and state governments since FY1996, the cornerstone of which is the reduction in workforce and wage levels of government employees. The 1996 official GDP data indicated that government services accounted for 42 percent of GDP, wholesale and retail trade for 22 percent, and agriculture, hunting, and forestry for 17 percent.
This paper analyzes recent economic developments in the Federated States of Micronesia. Real GDP grew by a modest 1 percent in 1995, well below the average growth rate recorded during 1991–94, according to tentative estimates prepared by the IMF staff. The overall fiscal balance of the national government has registered surpluses for the past several years. Total revenue and grants have increased, mainly reflecting higher nontax revenue from fishing license fees from Korea and Taiwan, Province of China, and higher non-Compact grants.
The staff report for the 2008 Article IV Consultation of the Federated States of Micronesia examines economic developments and policies. Growth could recover modestly in the near term as falling commodity prices boost real incomes and progress is made on spending unused compact infrastructure grants. The authorities have limited tools to address risks from the global slowdown. Given the urgency of fiscal consolidation, expenditures should be streamlined and preparations for the comprehensive tax reform intensified.
This Climate Change Policy Assessment (CCPA) takes stock of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)’s climate response plans, from the perspective of their macroeconomic and fiscal implications. CCPA explores the possible impact of climate change and natural disasters and the cost of FSM’s planned response. It suggests macroeconomically relevant reforms that could strengthen the national strategy and identifies policy gaps and resource needs. FSM has made progress toward its Nationally Determined Contribution mitigation pledge by beginning to expand renewable power generation and improve its efficiency. The authorities plan to continue this and encourage the take-up of energy efficient building design and appliances. Accelerating adaptation investments is paramount, which requires addressing critical capacity constraints and increasing grant financing. It is recommended that FSM needs to increase its capacity to address natural disaster risks following the expiry of Compact-related assistance in 2023. It is advised to improve climate data collection and use, including on the costs of high and low intensity disasters and disaster response expenditure.