This Selected Issues paper assesses macroeconomic fiscal risks and the benefits of improved fiscal risk management in Angola. Angola faces fiscal risks coming from multiple sources, such as volatility in oil prices and production, macroeconomic shocks, weak macroeconomic forecasting; weaknesses in public fiscal management, energy subsidies, potential delays of oil revenue transfers from the state-owned oil company Sonangol to the Treasury, and contingent liabilities from state-owned banks and enterprises. Addressing these risks requires action in various fronts, including more transparent fiscal reporting, improved forecasting of fiscal aggregates and other macroeconomic variables, developing a fiscal stabilization fund with more flexible deposit and withdrawal rules, strengthened public expenditure controls, and more timely oil revenue transfers from Sonangol to the Treasury.
Over the past three to four years, Grenada, a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU), has been one of the fastest growing of the member countries of CARICOM (see chart, this page). Its success has been largely due to determined efforts aimed at strengthening the economy and diversifying its export product base.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
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Economic performance remains positive, with growth estimated at 31/2 percent in 2016 and projected at similar levels this year. Fiscal deficits remain contained, with strong tax revenues limiting the impact from rising war veteran pensions. The banking system is healthy and credit growth robust. Political tensions related to opposition protests earlier in the year have subsided, but some disagreements have emerged inside the governing coalition.
The post-conflict economic stabilization in Liberia is now complete. Inflation pressure is easing owing to lower fuel and food prices, and there is a rebound in exports. Sound macroeconomic policies, strengthened institutions, and debt relief have stabilized the economy and have supported confidence-building. Fiscal policies have supported the stabilization. The scope for an active monetary policy remains limited owing to high levels of dollarization and the lack of monetary instruments. The government has coped with the adverse income and investment effects of the global financial crisis.
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
Three years after Cyclone Pam struck Vanuatu causing extensive damages, reconstruction efforts are near completion with full recovery in sight. However, capacity constraints and coordination issues have hampered the use of committed funds by donors and development partners, thereby slowing down recovery. Meanwhile, the government’s ambitious development agenda is making good progress with several major infrastructure projects completed or projected to be completed in the next year.