International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper reviews the procurement process under World Bank projects. The paper highlights that the World Bank’s interest in procurement under its loans stems directly from the “project” requirement of its Articles, which stipulates that it should lend for specific projects, except in special circumstances, and that it should ensure that the proceeds of the loan are used only for its specified purpose, with due attention to economy and efficiency. In 1951, the World Bank began introducing international competitive bidding as the normal procedure for procurement of the goods and works needed for its projects.
What is the contribution of these programs to declining fertility? Using data for 63 developing countries, the author reviews some factors associated with their experience of falling birthrates and discusses the implications for policymakers.
Writing from his experience as a scientist who has worked to increase animal production for food in some 40 less developed countries, the author shows that in spite of the extraordinary success attained in this field of science, it may in relation to the extent of the problems be regarded as a failure. In a later article he will deal with constraints on increased production and how they might be removed. C.P. McMeekan
The forthcoming United Nations Conference on Human Settlements is an integral part of the international quest for development and the elimination of poverty. The conference is scheduled to be held in Vancouver, Canada, in May 1976.