This paper presents the Completion Point Document for consideration of Rwanda’s Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. The government has maintained the policy of protecting social sector budget allocations from cuts during the course of the fiscal year, and military spending has progressively been reduced, which has also enabled a reallocation of resources to priority areas. Moreover, since the 2002 budget cycle, expenditures have been classified in all ministries according to programs and sub-programs, expected outputs, activities, and inputs.
Ms. Dora Benedek, Mr. Edward R Gemayel, Abdelhak S Senhadji, and Alexander F. Tieman
The COVID-19 pandemic hit countries’ development agendas hard. The ensuing recession has pushed millions into extreme poverty and has shrunk government resources available for spending on achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This Staff Discussion Note assesses the current state of play on funding SDGs in five key development areas: education, health, roads, electricity, and water and sanitation, using a newly developed dynamic macroeconomic framework.