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International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

The Sixth Five Year Plan, as outlined in Bangladesh's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, targets strategic growth and employment. The medium-term macroeconomic framework plan entails the involvement of both the private and public sectors. Human resources development strategy programs reaching out to the poor and the vulnerable population, as well as environment, climate change, and disaster risk management, have been included in the plan. Managing regional disparities for shared growth and strategy for raising farm productivity and agricultural growth have been outlined. Diversifying exports and developing a dynamic manufacturing sector are all inclusive in the proposed plan.

International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

The Sixth Five Year Plan, as outlined in Bangladesh's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, targets strategic growth and employment. The medium-term macroeconomic framework plan entails the involvement of both the private and public sectors. Human resources development strategy programs reaching out to the poor and the vulnerable population, as well as environment, climate change, and disaster risk management, have been included in the plan. Managing regional disparities for shared growth and strategy for raising farm productivity and agricultural growth have been outlined. Diversifying exports and developing a dynamic manufacturing sector are all inclusive in the proposed plan.

NORMAN LOAYZA, HUMBERTO LOPEZ, and ANGEL UBIDE

This paper analyzes common economic patterns across countries and economic sectors in Latin America, East Asia, and Europe for the period 1970-94 by means of an error-components model that decomposes real value-added growth in each country into common international effects, sector-specific effects, and country-specific effects. We find significant comovements in the European and East Asian samples. In the Latin American sample, however, we find country-specific components to be more important than common patterns. These results are robust to different sub-sample time spans and different sub-sample country groups.

Roger S. Leeds

This paper anlayzes the role of the International Financial Corporation (IFC) in promoting economic development in developing countries with the private sector. IFC promotes growth of new companies, indigenous companies, and helps to introduce more capital from private sources into developing countries. Many countries need to develop capital market institutions such as stock exchanges, securities companies, leasing companies, and financial intermediaries of one kind or another. IFC has a special department, partly financed by the World Bank, that has provided expertise in these areas to a number of countries.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper analyzes state-owned enterprise (SOE) development and reform in China. The paper discusses the role of state ownership in the Chinese economy, providing a “snapshot” of key features of the state sector, and a review of the growth, efficiency, and profitability of SOEs. The paper argues that economic performance in SOEs has declined in the last few years as evidenced by falling profitability, increasing losses, growing industrial inventories, and low rates of capacity utilization in some sectors. The paper also examines banking sector development and policy issues in China.

Mrs. Joslin Landell-Mills

This paper anlayzes the role of the International Financial Corporation (IFC) in promoting economic development in developing countries with the private sector. IFC promotes growth of new companies, indigenous companies, and helps to introduce more capital from private sources into developing countries. Many countries need to develop capital market institutions such as stock exchanges, securities companies, leasing companies, and financial intermediaries of one kind or another. IFC has a special department, partly financed by the World Bank, that has provided expertise in these areas to a number of countries.

International Monetary Fund

This paper evaluates Vietnam’s Second Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria. Under the first-year PRGF, Vietnam’s economic performance was relatively strong, despite weak external demand. The goals under the second-year PRGF- supported program remain to boost investment and competitiveness as the bases for returning Vietnam’s rates of growth and poverty reduction closer to potential. The key priorities are disciplined macroeconomic management and a firmer implementation of the structural agenda.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper reviews Vietnam's inflation dynamics, trade regime, performance, and external competitiveness. It analyzes the policy issues associated with strengthening of the revenue base and the changing role of government-owned firms in the national economy. It examines the reform program being pursued for nonfinancial state-owned enterprises. It describes the key features of Vietnam's banking reforms, assesses the progress made so far, and outlines the challenges ahead.

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Over the next 25 years, vast numbers of workers in the developing countries will need to find jobs outside agriculture, which is now their main source of employment. Although many of these countries are developing a viable and growing industrial sector, employment in industry has not expanded correspondingly. This article examines why this has happened and discusses the Bank’s attempts to increase employment opportunities by encouraging the development of small local enterprises, as part of its program to reach the absolute poor.