The staff report for the 2007 Article IV Consultation on Angola highlights economic performance, macroeconomic stability, and fiscal policy. Growth in the medium term will rely increasingly on the non-oil sector, where reforms to promote private sector development will be critical to offset a potential loss in competitiveness from an appreciating real exchange rate. A key challenge is to ensure that political pressure to scale up public spending does not undermine macroeconomic stability. Lower output growth and oil revenues than envisaged in the baseline scenario could jeopardize public and external debt sustainability.
Economic activity and social conditions have been adversely affected by the intensification of the civil war. The goal is to restore domestic and external equilibrium and create the conditions for sustained growth, especially by boosting the growth of the non-oil sectors, lowering inflation to single-digit rates, improving the efficiency and transparency of public sector operations, and enhancing the role of the private sector. In March 1999, the government launched an adjustment and reform program. The authorities have made adjustments in fuel prices and electricity tariffs.