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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Exchange Rate Assessments
			: CGER Methodologies

Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Luca Ricci , Jonathan Ostry , Jaewoo Lee , Alessandro Prati , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2009

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504950093.084

ISBN: 9787504950093

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets, real exchange rates, current account balances

The rapid increase in international trade and financial integration over the past decade and the growing importance of emerging markets in world trade and GDP have inspired the IMF to place stronger emphasis on mul...

Managing Systemic Banking Crises

Managing Systemic Banking Crises »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , and David Hoelscher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2004

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504935410.084

ISBN: 9787504935410

Keywords: banking crises, recapitalization, debt restructuring, deposit insurance, banking system, banking crisis, asset management, bank restructuring, asset management company, bank runs

Recent financial sector crises and their resolution have raised new issues and provided additional experiences to draw on in the future. Banking sector problems in Russia, Turkey, and a few Latin American countries...

Effects on Financial Globalization on Developing Countries
			: Some Empirical Evidence

Effects on Financial Globalization on Developing Countries : Some Empirical Evidence »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kenneth Rogoff , Eswar Prasad , Ayhan Kose , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 May 2004

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504933096.084

ISBN: 9787504933096

Keywords: capital flows, financial integration, globalization, capital inflows, financial globalization, capital account liberalization, international financial, capital markets, international financial integration, international capital flows

This study provides a candid, systematic, and critical review of recent evidence on this complex subject. Based on a review of the literature and some new empirical evidence, it finds that (1) in spite of an appare...