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Tax Amnesties
			: Theory, Trends, and Some Alternatives

Tax Amnesties : Theory, Trends, and Some Alternatives »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Eric Le Borgne , and Katherine Baer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067363.058

ISBN: 9781589067363

Keywords: tax administration, tax amnesty, tax amnesties, tax evasion, tax compliance

Tax amnesties remain as popular as ever as a tool for raising revenue and increasing tax compliance. International experience, however, shows that the costs of tax amnesty programs often exceed the programs' benefi...

Fiscal Management of Scaled-Up Aid

Fiscal Management of Scaled-Up Aid »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Kevin Fletcher , Sanjeev Gupta , Duncan Last , Gerd Schwartz , Shamsuddin Tareq , Richard Allen , and Isabell Adenauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067035.058

ISBN: 9781589067035

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, public expenditure, public spending, fiscal institutions

The international community has committed to scaling up aid and improving aid delivery to low-income countries to help them meet the Millennium Development Goals. Other "emerging" donors, public and private, are in...

Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066670.058

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

What is the impact on trade in sub-Saharan Africa of the recent rapid growth in China and other Asian countries, and the associated commodity price boom? This paper looks at how trading patterns (both destinations...

What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066182.058

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

This primer explains why macroeconomists need to be concerned with issues of health policy and elaborates the essential information that a macroeconomist should know in providing inputs to discussions on health sec...

Islamic Republic of Iran
			: Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064416.058

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Iran has received much attention from a geopolitical and regional standpoint, but its economic challenges have not attracted a similar degree of interest. With a population of 69 million, considerable hydrocarbon r...

Les défis macroéconomiques de l'expansion de l'aide à l'Afrique
			: Repères à l'intention des praticiens

Les défis macroéconomiques de l'expansion de l'aide à l'Afrique : Repères à l'intention des praticiens »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Robert Powell , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 October 2006

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065727.058

ISBN: 9781589065727

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, foreign exchange, foreign aid, central bank, debt sustainability, exchange rate appreciation, external debt, exchange rates, debt relief

Over the next decade, African countries are expected to be the largest beneficiaries of increased donor aid, which is intended to improve their prospects of achieving the Millennium Development Goals. This handbook...

Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064935.058

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) refer to arrangements under which the private sector supplies infrastructure assets and infrastructure-based services that traditionally have been provided by the government. PPPs...

Macroeconomic Challenges of Scaling Up Aid to Africa
			: A Checklist for Practitioners

Macroeconomic Challenges of Scaling Up Aid to Africa : A Checklist for Practitioners »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , Robert Powell , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065055.058

ISBN: 9781589065055

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, foreign exchange, foreign aid, central bank

Over the next decade, African countries are expected to be the largest beneficiaries of increased donor aid, which is intended to improve their prospects for achieving the Millennium Development Goals. This handboo...

Sustaining and Accelerating Pro-Poor Growth in Africa

Sustaining and Accelerating Pro-Poor Growth in Africa »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Kevin Carey , Sanjeev Gupta , and Catherine Pattillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064942.058

ISBN: 9781589064942

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty, pro-poor growth, pro-poor, growth rates, tfp, real gdp

Growth in sub-Saharan Africa has recently shown signs of improvement, but is still short of levels needed to attain the Millennium Development Goals. Economists have placed increasing emphasis on understanding the...

Cambodia
			: Rebuilding for a Challenging Future

Cambodia : Rebuilding for a Challenging Future »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sumio Ishikawa , Sibel Beadle , Damien Eastman , Srobona Mitra , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , Wafa Abdelati , Koji Nakamura , Il Lee , Sònia Muñoz , Robert Hagemann , David Coe , and Nadia Rendak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064447.058

ISBN: 9781589064447

Keywords: Development, court, law, exchange rate, dollarization, judicial reform

Cambodia's reconstruction and reform efforts have spanned almost 25 years following the Khmer Rouge period, which ended in 1979. Economic reforms began in earnest in the early 1990s, but reform efforts were beset b...