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World Economic Outlook, October 2018

Challenges to Steady Growth

Global growth for 2018-19 is projected to remain steady at its 2017 level, but its pace is less vigorous than projected in April and has become less balanced.

World Economic Outlook, October 2018

Challenges to Steady Growth

Global growth for 2018-19 is projected to remain steady at its 2017 level, but its pace is less vigorous than projected in April and has become less balanced.

How to Organize Central Securities Depositories in Developing Markets
			: Key Considerations

New
How to Organize Central Securities Depositories in Developing Markets : Key Considerations »

Volume: 19

Series: IMF How To Notes

Author(s): Froukelien Wendt , Peter Katz , and Alice Zanza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484397312.061

ISBN: 9781484397312

Keywords: Securities markets, Securities regulations, Depositories, Developing countries, Monetary policy

The key objective of this note is to support authorities in their decision making about the optimal organization of central securities depositories (CSDs) in their country. For the purpose of this note, a CSD is de...

Nonresident Capital Flows and Volatility: Evidence from Malaysia's Local Currency Bond Market

New
Nonresident Capital Flows and Volatility: Evidence from Malaysia's Local Currency Bond Market »

Volume/Issue: 2019/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Grigorian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393161.001

ISBN: 9781484393161

Keywords: Malaysia, Asia and Pacific, Debt markets, International financial markets, nonresident investors, volatility, Asset Pricing

Malaysia's local currency debt market is one of the most liquid public debt markets in the world. In recent years, the growing share of nonresident holders of debt has been a source of concern for policymakers as a...

Reform Options for Mature Defined Benefit Pension Plans: The Case of the Netherlands

New
Reform Options for Mature Defined Benefit Pension Plans: The Case of the Netherlands »

Volume/Issue: 2019/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Gerard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484395912.001

ISBN: 9781484395912

Keywords: pension funds, defined benefit plans, defined contribution plans, fully funded, pension mathematics, stress tests

The Netherlands has been operating fully funded, defined benefit second pillar pension schemes that have consistently ranked high worldwide for delivering high replacement rates while featuring strong solidarity am...

Winds of Change
			: The Case for New Digital Currency

New
Winds of Change : The Case for New Digital Currency »

Series: IMF Speeches

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484389171.076

ISBN: 9781484389171

Winds of Change...

Commodity Terms of Trade
			: A New Database

New
Commodity Terms of Trade : A New Database »

Volume/Issue: 2019/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bertrand Gruss , and Suhaib Kebhaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393857.001

ISBN: 9781484393857

Keywords: Commodity terms of trade; terms of trade; commodity prices, Commodity terms of trade, terms of trade, commodity prices, General

This paper presents a comprehensive database of country-specific commodity price indices for 182 economies covering the period 1962-2018. For each country, the change in the international price of up to 45 individu...

Fiscal Policy and Development
			: Human, Social, and Physical Investments for the SDGs

New
Fiscal Policy and Development : Human, Social, and Physical Investments for the SDGs »

Volume/Issue: 2019/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , David Amaglobeli , Mercedes Garcia-Escribano , Delphine Prady , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484388914.006

ISBN: 9781484388914

Keywords: Sustainable development, Foreign aid, Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), Development, Fiscal policy, Sustainable Development Goals; Fiscal Policy, Sustainable Development Goals, Structure and Scope of Government, General, International Fiscal Issues

The goal of this paper is to estimate the additional annual spending required for meaningful progress on the SDGs in these areas. Our estimates refer to additional spending in 2030, relative to a baseline of curren...

Work In Progress
			: Improving Youth Labor Market Outcomes in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Work In Progress : Improving Youth Labor Market Outcomes in Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2019/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): JaeBin Ahn , Zidong An , John Bluedorn , Gabriele Ciminelli , Zsoka Koczan , Davide Malacrino , Daniela Muhaj , and Patricia Neidlinger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393901.006

ISBN: 9781484393901

Keywords: Labor market reforms, Labor markets, Fiscal reforms, Product markets, Population, Emerging markets, Developing countries, Youth labor markets; emerging market and developing economies; Okun's law; labor and product market institutions; structural reforms, youth labor markets, emerging market and developing economies

Economic development and growth depend on a country's young people. With most of their working life ahead of them they make up about a third of the working-age population in the typical emerging market and developi...

Financial Dollarization of Households and Firms: Does It Differ?

Financial Dollarization of Households and Firms: Does It Differ? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Corrales , and Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393192.001

ISBN: 9781484393192

Keywords: Dollarization, Foreign exchange, Household, Firm, Financial deepening, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), General, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

Using a newly complied and extended database from International Financial Statistics, and applying different panel-regression techniques, this paper documents the evolution of households' and firms' dollarization o...

Inequality in Good and Bad Times: A Cross-Country Approach

Inequality in Good and Bad Times: A Cross-Country Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2019/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Burcu Hacibedel , Pierre Mandon , Priscilla Muthoora , and Nathalie Pouokam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484392911.001

ISBN: 9781484392911

Keywords: Developing countries, Inequality, Growth, Mediation analysis, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, General

This paper provides evidence of a strong relationship between the short-term dynamics of growth and inequality in developing economies. We find that reductions in inequality during growth upswings are largely rever...

Global Value Chains: What are the Benefits and Why Do Countries Participate?

Global Value Chains: What are the Benefits and Why Do Countries Participate? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Faezeh Raei , Anna Ignatenko , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484392928.001

ISBN: 9781484392928

Keywords: Economic integration, Trade, global value chains, gains from trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade

Over the last two decades, world trade and production have become increasingly organized around global value chains (GVC). Recent theoretical work has shown that countries can benefit from participation in GVCs thr...