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Waste Not, Want Not
			: The Efficiency of Health Expenditure in Emerging and Developing Economies

Waste Not, Want Not : The Efficiency of Health Expenditure in Emerging and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2013/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Javier Kapsoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484364260.001

ISBN: 9781484364260

Keywords: Health expenditure, efficiency, emerging economies, developing economies, public health, health spending, public expenditure, public health spending, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

Public health spending is low in emerging and developing economies relative to advanced economies and health outputs and outcomes need to be substantially improved. Simply increasing public expenditure in the healt...

Waste Not, Want Not

Waste Not, Want Not »

Source: Waste Not, Want Not : The Efficiency of Health Expenditure in Emerging and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2013/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Javier Kapsoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484364260

Keywords: Health expenditure, efficiency, emerging economies, developing economies, public health, health spending, public expenditure, public health spending, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

Public health spending is low in emerging and developing economies relative to advanced economies and health outputs and outcomes need to be substantially improved. Simply increasing public expenditure in the healt...

The Volatility Trap
			: Precautionary Saving, Investment, and Aggregate Risk

The Volatility Trap : Precautionary Saving, Investment, and Aggregate Risk »

Volume/Issue: 2012/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , and Fuad Hasanov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503869.001

ISBN: 9781475503869

Keywords: Volatility, risk, precautionary saving, buffer-stock, growth, investment rate, standard deviation, nonlinear relationship, correlation, statistics

We study the effects of permanent and temporary income shocks on precautionary saving and investment in a "store-or-sow" model of growth. High volatility of permanent shocks results in high precautionary saving in...

The Volatility Trap

The Volatility Trap »

Source: The Volatility Trap : Precautionary Saving, Investment, and Aggregate Risk

Volume/Issue: 2012/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , and Fuad Hasanov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503869

Keywords: Volatility, risk, precautionary saving, buffer-stock, growth, investment rate, standard deviation, nonlinear relationship, correlation, statistics

We study the effects of permanent and temporary income shocks on precautionary saving and investment in a "store-or-sow" model of growth. High volatility of permanent shocks results in high precautionary saving in...

Commodity Price Volatility and the Sources of Growth1

Commodity Price Volatility and the Sources of Growth1 »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and the Sources of Growth

Volume/Issue: 2012/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931179

Keywords: Growth, resource curse, volatility, gdp per capita, growth rate, tfp, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper studies the impact of the level and volatility of the commodity terms of trade on economic growth, as well as on the three main growth channels: total factor productivity, physical capital accumulation,...

Commodity Price Volatility and the Sources of Growth

Commodity Price Volatility and the Sources of Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2012/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463931179.001

ISBN: 9781463931179

Keywords: Growth, resource curse, volatility, gdp per capita, growth rate, tfp, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper studies the impact of the level and volatility of the commodity terms of trade on economic growth, as well as on the three main growth channels: total factor productivity, physical capital accumulation,...

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2010

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2010 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350048.043

ISBN: 9781616350048

Keywords: liabilities, taxes, financial assets, loans, financial derivatives, interest, local governments, benefits, salaries, public debt

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (nati...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350024.044

ISBN: 9781616350024

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, direct investment, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2010

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2010 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210497.042

ISBN: 9781455210497

Keywords: export earnings, trade data, balance of payments, trading partners, partner country, free trade, world trade, partner countries, merchandise exports, trade flows

The Direction of Trade Statistics Online service provides data on the value of merchandise exports and imports between each country and all its trading partners. The database includes: total bilateral and multilate...

Mother, Can I Trust the Government? Sustained Financial Deepening
			: A Political Institutionsview

Mother, Can I Trust the Government? Sustained Financial Deepening : A Political Institutionsview »

Volume/Issue: 2010/210

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , and Genevieve Verdier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205417.001

ISBN: 9781455205417

Keywords: Financial development, political institutions, financial liberalization, financial deepening, financial sector development, financial system, financial sector, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General

Only a minority of countries have succeeded in establishing a developed financial system, despite widespread financial liberalization. Confronted with this finding, the political institutions view claims that susta...