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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Bank Funding Costs for International Banks

Bank Funding Costs for International Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2014/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rita Babihuga , and Marco Spaltro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475517910.001

ISBN: 9781475517910

Keywords: bank funding, bank lending, deposit, wholesale funding, banking, banking system, bank capital, wholesale funding.,

This paper investigates the determinants of bank funding costs for a sample of internationally active banks from 2001-12. We find that changes in banks' unsecured funding costs are associated with bank-specific cha...

Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence

Structural Reforms and Regional Convergence »

Volume/Issue: 2012/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Natasha Che

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503272.001

ISBN: 9781475503272

Keywords: Structural reforms, regional convergence, equation, wage, minimum wage, severance payment, statistics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

Which structural reforms affect the speed the regional convergence within a country? We found that domestic financial development, trade/current account openness, better institutional infrastructure, and selected l...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe
			: Navigating Stormy Waters

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351281.086

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

Following a strong showing in early 2011, the economies across Europe now face the prospect of a pronounced slowdown, as global growth has softened, risk aversion has risen, and strains in Europe's sovereign debt a...

Risky Bank Lending and Optimal Capital Adequacy Regulation

Risky Bank Lending and Optimal Capital Adequacy Regulation »

Volume/Issue: 2011/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaromir Benes , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455259359.001

ISBN: 9781455259359

Keywords: Bank lending, lending risk, financial accelerator, optimal monetary policy, optimal prudential policy, bank capital adequacy, welfare analysis, capital adequacy, capital investment, interest

We study the welfare properties of a New Keynesian monetary economy with an essential role for risky bank lending. Banks lend funds deposited by households to a financial accelerator sector, and face penalties for...

Subnational Health Spending and Soft Budget Constraints in OECD Countries

Subnational Health Spending and Soft Budget Constraints in OECD Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , Adam Leive , and Thomas Stratmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201303.001

ISBN: 9781455201303

Keywords: Healthcare spending, decentralization, soft budget constraints, health spending, budget constraints, public health, health expenditure, National Government Expenditures and Health,

Government spending on health has grown as a percent of GDP over the last 40 years in industrialized countries. Widespread decentralization of healthcare systems has often accompanied this increase in spending. In...

Accounting for Global Dispersion of Current Accounts

Accounting for Global Dispersion of Current Accounts »

Volume/Issue: 2009/276

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Yongsung Chang , and Sun-Bin Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874211.001

ISBN: 9781451874211

Keywords: Distribution of Current Account, Incomplete Markets, Frictions, current accounts, current account imbalances, current account balances, current account deficit,

We undertake a quantitative analysis of the dispersion of current accounts in an open economy version of incomplete insurance model, incorporating important market frictions in trade and financial flows. Calibrated...