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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

Next Generation Balance Sheet Stress Testing

Next Generation Balance Sheet Stress Testing »

Volume/Issue: 2011/83

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Schmieder , Maher Hasan , and Claus Puhr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455226054.001

ISBN: 9781455226054

Keywords: Solvency Risk, Basel II, Basel III, banking, capital requirements, banking systems, market risk, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), Financial Institutions and Services: General,

This paper presents a "second-generation" solvency stress testing framework extending applied stress testing work centered on Cihák (2007). The framework seeks enriching stress tests in terms of risk-sensitivity, w...

Regional Economic Outlook, November 2007, Europe
			: Strengthening Financial Systems

Regional Economic Outlook, November 2007, Europe : Strengthening Financial Systems »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066748.086

ISBN: 9781589066748

Keywords: government securities, financial system, securities market, capital markets

Strong fundamentals should allow Europe to weather financial turbulence relatively well. Nonetheless, growth is set to ease in 2008 in nearly all countries. Policymakers will need to deal up front with the financia...

The Maastricht Inflation Criterion
			: How Unpleasant Is Purgatory?

The Maastricht Inflation Criterion : How Unpleasant Is Purgatory? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , and Jaromír Hurník

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864144.001

ISBN: 9781451864144

Keywords: ERM2, Maastricht inflation criterion, new EU member countries, monetary policy, central bank, monetary fund, national bank, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

The Maastricht inflation criterion, designed in the early 1990s to bring "high-inflation" EU countries in line with "low-inflation" countries prior to the introduction of the euro, poses challenges for both new EU...

IMF Conditionality and Country Ownership of Programs

IMF Conditionality and Country Ownership of Programs »

Volume/Issue: 2001/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Sunil Sharma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856255.001

ISBN: 9781451856255

Keywords: IMF-supported programs, ownership, principal-agent, moral-hazard, structural conditionality, moral hazard, capital markets, international capital markets, Asymmetric and Private Information, International Lending and Debt Problems

The paper uses finance and agency theory to establish two main propositions: First, that the conditionality attached to adjustment programs supported by the IMF is justified. Second, that ownership of programs by t...

Manual de Balanza de Pagos

Manual de Balanza de Pagos »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1994

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753663.069

ISBN: 9781557753663

En el Manual se presentan conceptos, definiciones, clasificaciones y convenciones para compilar estadísticas sobre la balanza de pagos y la posición de inversión internacional. Como norma internacional, este Manual...

Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government
			: Theory and Practice

Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753588.084

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This paper examines central bank independence with reference to the constraints on central bank credit to the government, focusing on how such credit should be regulated. It discusses why credit should be contsrain...

Coordinating Public Debt and Monetary Management During Financial Reforms

Coordinating Public Debt and Monetary Management During Financial Reforms »

Volume/Issue: 1992/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sérgio Leite

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451954395.001

ISBN: 9781451954395

Keywords: central bank, government securities, public debt, monetary management

The paper analyzes the interplay between public debt and monetary management during financial reforms, and provides suggestions on collaboration between the central bank and the treasury to achieve common objective...

Can the Release of a Monetary Overhang Trigger Hyperinflation?

Can the Release of a Monetary Overhang Trigger Hyperinflation? »

Volume/Issue: 1992/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kent Osband , and Shoukang Lin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451920956.001

ISBN: 9781451920956

Keywords: wage, real wages, money stock

It is widely feared that, once prices are decontrolled in the formerly centrally–planned economies, households’ release of previously accumulated money will trigger a hyperinflation. This paper finds,...