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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

Effectiveness and Channels of Macroprudential Instruments
			: Lessons from the Euro Area

Effectiveness and Channels of Macroprudential Instruments : Lessons from the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2016/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thierry Tressel , and Yuanyan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513547404.001

ISBN: 9781513547404

Keywords: LTV ratios, capital requirement, mortage, bank lending, lending, monetary policy, instruments, mortgage, credit growth, General,

The crisis has highlighted the importance of setting up macro-prudential oversight frameworks, having effective macro-prudential instruments in place to be called upon to mitigate growing financial imbalances as ne...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Wage Moderation in Crises
			: Policy Considerations and Applications to the Euro Area

Wage Moderation in Crises : Policy Considerations and Applications to the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2015/22

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jörg Decressin , Raphael Espinoza , Ioannis Halikias , Michael Kumhof , Daniel Leigh , Prakash Loungani , Paulo Medas , Susanna Mursula , Antonio Spilimbergo , and TengTeng Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537009.006

ISBN: 9781513537009

Keywords: Wage bargaining, Euro Area, Wage adjustments, Negative spillovers, Monetary policy, Euro area, Crisis, Current account, Internal devaluation, Unemployment

The paper studies the impacts of wage moderation in the euro area. Simulation results show that if a single euro area crisis-hit economy undertakes wage moderation, the impact on output is positive for that economy...

Steady as She Goes-Estimating Potential Output During Financial 'Booms and Busts'

Steady as She Goes-Estimating Potential Output During Financial 'Booms and Busts' »

Volume/Issue: 2015/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Thomas Dowling , Sergi Lanau , Mico Mrkaic , Pau Rabanal , and Marzie Taheri Sanjani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513503271.001

ISBN: 9781513503271

Keywords: Output gap, variables, gdp, demand, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Model Construction and Estimation, Estimation, All Countries,

Potential output-in the sense of the GDP level or path an economy can sustain over the medium term-is a crucial benchmark for policymakers. However, it is difficult to estimate when financial 'booms and busts' are...

The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area
			: IMF Policy Analysis

The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area : IMF Policy Analysis »

Series: Books

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498305532.071

ISBN: 9781498305532

Keywords: Euro Area, Economic policy, debt, bank, banks, unemployment, lending

Among member states, many structural weaknesses were exposed when economic performance declined significantly and financial markets became more discerning. This book focuses on the analytical underpinnings of real-...

Euro Area Policies
			: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries

Euro Area Policies : Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/204

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513505121.002

ISBN: 9781513505121

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic recovery, Demand, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Banking sector, Bank supervision, European Central Bank, Economic indicators, Statistics

Context. The recovery is strengthening, underpinned by lower oil prices and the ECB'sexpanded asset purchase program. But the medium-term outlook remains weak, weighed down by the legacies of insuffici...

Fiscal Transparency and the Performance of Government Financial Assets

Fiscal Transparency and the Performance of Government Financial Assets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mike Seiferling , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498353953.001

ISBN: 9781498353953

Keywords: stock-flow adjustments, holding gains on government financial assets, government portfolios of equities and investment fund shares, transparency, stock, equity, portfolios, General, Deficit, fiscal transparency,

Stock-flow adjustments are typically measured as the difference between changes in gross debt and deficits. These are interpreted as a proxy for unexplained fiscal discrepancies, and often associated with a lack of...