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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR)
			: Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) : Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose »

Volume: 1

Series: Tax Law Technical Note

Author(s): Christophe Waerzeggers , and Cory Hillier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515823.008

ISBN: 9781513515823

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax regimes, Tax systems, tax, tax benefit, tax law, transaction, tax avoidance

Tax avoidance continues to attract attention globally with strong support for tax law reform at all levels. This Tax Law IMF Technical Note focuses on some of the key design and drafting considerations of one speci...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS »

Volume/Issue: 2014/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Gaston , and In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513590479.001

ISBN: 9781513590479

Keywords: Supervisory role, loan loss provisioning, IFRS implementation, banking, capital adequacy, banking supervision, bank for international settlements, bank supervisors, General, Government Policy and Regulation

Countries implementing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for loan loss provisioning by banks have been guided by two different approaches: International Accounting Standards (IAS) 39 and Basel stan...

Sovereign Debt Composition in Advanced Economies
			: A Historical Perspective

Sovereign Debt Composition in Advanced Economies : A Historical Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2014/162

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Laura Blattner , Mark De Broeck , Asmaa ElGanainy , and Malin Hu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498358781.001

ISBN: 9781498358781

Keywords: sovereign debt composition, sovereign debt management, historical debt database, central bank, government debt, debt structure, debt management,

We examine how the composition of public debt, broken down by currency, maturity, holder profile and marketability, has responded to major debt accumulation and consolidation episodes during 1900-2011. Covering thi...

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2013/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Bernardin Akitoby , Jochen Andritzky , Helge Berger , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Justin Tyson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484316139.006

ISBN: 9781484316139

Keywords: Debt strategy, Debt reduction, Developed countries, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Privatization, Public debt, General Government Debt, Public Debt Sustainability

task has become particularly challenging in European advanced economies where expectations of low growth and limits to monetary policy support are shifting the burden of adjustment onto fiscal consolidation. The SD...

That Squeezing Feeling
			: The Interest Burden and Public Debt Stabilization

That Squeezing Feeling : The Interest Burden and Public Debt Stabilization »

Volume/Issue: 2013/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xavier Debrun , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484321737.001

ISBN: 9781484321737

Keywords: interest payments, fiscal reaction, fiscal policy, fiscal reaction function, government revenue, Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary or Stabilization Policy, Deficit,

The paper explores the extent to which the pressure of debt service on other spending items may push governments to embark on fiscal consolidation beyond what is strictly necessary to secure solvency. The empirical...

Narrowing Vertical Fiscal Imbalances in Four European Countries

Narrowing Vertical Fiscal Imbalances in Four European Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2012/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Izabela Karpowicz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502664.001

ISBN: 9781475502664

Keywords: Federalism, decentralization, vertical fiscal imbalance, local governments, fiscal decentralization, sub-national governments, fiscal balances, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government

This paper describes the institutional changes that have induced a decline in the vertical fiscal imbalance (VFI) - defined as the share of sub-national own spending not financed through own revenues - in four Euro...