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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

Individual Choice or Policies? Drivers of Female Employment in Europe

Individual Choice or Policies? Drivers of Female Employment in Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2016/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Huidan Lin , Joana Pereira , Petia Topalova , and Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513551364.001

ISBN: 9781513551364

Keywords: gender gaps, International Social Survey Programme, labor force, labor, labor supply, employment, General, Economics of Gender, General, International Social Survey Programme.,

Female labor force participation has increased markedly in many European countries during the past decades. Nonetheless, participation rates remain low in some economies, and a significant gender gap persists in mo...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Youth Unemployment in Advanced Europe
			: Okun's Law and Beyond

Youth Unemployment in Advanced Europe : Okun's Law and Beyond »

Volume/Issue: 2015/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Angana Banerji , Huidan Lin , and Sergejs Saksonovs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498382519.001

ISBN: 9781498382519

Keywords: Youth employment, youth unemployment, Okun&;amp;#x2019;s law, business cycle, labor market factors, labor market, labor, employment, General, Labor Force and Employment

The crisis has intensified what was previously a chronic unemployment problem in Europe; youth unemployment is now at unprecedented highs in some European countries. This paper assesses the main drivers of youth un...

Bank Funding Costs for International Banks

Bank Funding Costs for International Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2014/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rita Babihuga , and Marco Spaltro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475517910.001

ISBN: 9781475517910

Keywords: bank funding, bank lending, deposit, wholesale funding, banking, banking system, bank capital, wholesale funding.,

This paper investigates the determinants of bank funding costs for a sample of internationally active banks from 2001-12. We find that changes in banks' unsecured funding costs are associated with bank-specific cha...

Distributional Consequences of Fiscal Consolidation and the Role of Fiscal Policy
			: What Do the Data Say?

Distributional Consequences of Fiscal Consolidation and the Role of Fiscal Policy : What Do the Data Say? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaejoon Woo , Elva Bova , Tidiane Kinda , and Yuanyan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484390917.001

ISBN: 9781484390917

Keywords: Inequality, Gini Coefficient, Tax and Spending policy, gini, income distribution, world income inequality, dependent variable, General, Equity, Justice

The 2007-09 Great Recession has led to an unprecedented increase in public debt in many countries, triggering substantial fiscal adjustments. What are the distributional consequences of fiscal austerity measures? T...

European Union
			: Publication of Financial Sector Assessment Program Documentation-Technical Note on Macroprudential Oversight and the Role of the ESRB

European Union : Publication of Financial Sector Assessment Program Documentation-Technical Note on Macroprudential Oversight and the Role of the ESRB »

Volume/Issue: 2013/70

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475591156.002

ISBN: 9781475591156

Keywords: financial stability, regulation, financial system, financial institutions

This article reviews the European Systematic Risk Board (ESRB), its role, approach, outputs, and effects in the European Union. The ESRB is the reason for macroprudential oversight of financial systems. Macropruden...

Banks' Foreign Credit Exposures and Borrowers' Rollover Risks Measurement, Evolution and Determinants

Banks' Foreign Credit Exposures and Borrowers' Rollover Risks Measurement, Evolution and Determinants »

Volume/Issue: 2013/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475544602.001

ISBN: 9781475544602

Keywords: Systemic risks, banking system, international, contagion, vulnerabilities, banking, claims, banking systems, banking statistics, International Lending and Debt Problems

The recent crises highlighted the role of cross-border banking linkages. This paper proposes two new measures for better capturing creditor banking systems' foreign credit exposures and borrower countries' reliance...