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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

European Union
			: Publication of Financial Sector Assessment Program Documentation-Technical Note on Macroprudential Oversight and the Role of the ESRB

European Union : Publication of Financial Sector Assessment Program Documentation-Technical Note on Macroprudential Oversight and the Role of the ESRB »

Volume/Issue: 2013/70

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475591156.002

ISBN: 9781475591156

Keywords: financial stability, regulation, financial system, financial institutions

This article reviews the European Systematic Risk Board (ESRB), its role, approach, outputs, and effects in the European Union. The ESRB is the reason for macroprudential oversight of financial systems. Macropruden...

Narrowing Vertical Fiscal Imbalances in Four European Countries

Narrowing Vertical Fiscal Imbalances in Four European Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2012/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Izabela Karpowicz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502664.001

ISBN: 9781475502664

Keywords: Federalism, decentralization, vertical fiscal imbalance, local governments, fiscal decentralization, sub-national governments, fiscal balances, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government

This paper describes the institutional changes that have induced a decline in the vertical fiscal imbalance (VFI) - defined as the share of sub-national own spending not financed through own revenues - in four Euro...

Three Cycles
			: Housing, Credit, and Real Activity

Three Cycles : Housing, Credit, and Real Activity »

Volume/Issue: 2009/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , Alain Kabundi , Deniz Igan , Francisco Nadal De Simone , and Marcelo Pinheiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873788.001

ISBN: 9781451873788

Keywords: Macro-financial linkages, house prices, business cycle, lead, spillovers,

We examine the characteristics and comovement of cycles in house prices, credit, real activity and interest rates in advanced economies during the past 25 years, using a dynamic generalized factor model. House pric...

Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies

Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies »

Volume/Issue: 1998/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Hugo Rodríguez , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451979664.001

ISBN: 9781451979664

Keywords: government subsidies, government expenditures, subsidies, expenditures, expenditure, subsidy, government expenditure

The paper studies the economic determinants of government subsidies using panel data for 40 countries over 18 years (from 1975 to 1992) and finds that individual country-specific factors play a sizeable role in det...

Some Issues in the Design of Monetary Instruments for the Operation of European Economic and Monetary Union

Some Issues in the Design of Monetary Instruments for the Operation of European Economic and Monetary Union »

Volume/Issue: 1997/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Arto Kovanen , and Charles Enoch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858914.001

ISBN: 9781451858914

Keywords: Monetary Operations, EMU, credit, reserve requirements, monetary policy, collateral, european monetary institute

The European Monetary Institute has been working with national central banks of the European Union (EU) to prepare instruments for the operation of monetary policy in Stage 3 of European Economic and Monetary Union...

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1994/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451921571.001

ISBN: 9781451921571

Keywords: exchange rate, probability, foreign exchange, equation, fixed exchange rate

This paper estimates a speculative attack model of currency crises in an attempt to identify the roles of macroeconomic fundamentals and speculative market pressures in the recent crisis, as well as earlier devalua...

La deuda externa
			: Definición, cobertura estadística y metodología

La deuda externa : Definición, cobertura estadística y metodología »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1988

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780821311554.071

ISBN: 9780821311554

Este libro tiene por objeto proporcionar al usuario de estadísticas de deuda una descripción comparativa de las estadísticas recopiladas por el Banco de Pagos Internacionales, el FMI, la Organización para la Cooper...