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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Wage Moderation in Crises
			: Policy Considerations and Applications to the Euro Area

Wage Moderation in Crises : Policy Considerations and Applications to the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2015/22

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jörg Decressin , Raphael Espinoza , Ioannis Halikias , Michael Kumhof , Daniel Leigh , Prakash Loungani , Paulo Medas , Susanna Mursula , Antonio Spilimbergo , and TengTeng Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537009.006

ISBN: 9781513537009

Keywords: Wage bargaining, Euro Area, Wage adjustments, Negative spillovers, Monetary policy, Euro area, Crisis, Current account, Internal devaluation, Unemployment

The paper studies the impacts of wage moderation in the euro area. Simulation results show that if a single euro area crisis-hit economy undertakes wage moderation, the impact on output is positive for that economy...

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS »

Volume/Issue: 2014/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Gaston , and In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513590479.001

ISBN: 9781513590479

Keywords: Supervisory role, loan loss provisioning, IFRS implementation, banking, capital adequacy, banking supervision, bank for international settlements, bank supervisors, General, Government Policy and Regulation

Countries implementing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for loan loss provisioning by banks have been guided by two different approaches: International Accounting Standards (IAS) 39 and Basel stan...

Estimating VAT Pass Through

Estimating VAT Pass Through »

Volume/Issue: 2015/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dora Benedek , Ruud A. Mooij , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513586359.001

ISBN: 9781513586359

Keywords: Tax incidence, Price effect, Pass through, consumption, prices, goods, elasticity, value, Incidence, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

This paper estimates the pass through of VAT changes to consumer prices, using a unique dataset providing disaggregated, monthly data on prices and VAT rates for 17 Eurozone countries over 1999-2013. Pass through i...

It's Not All Fiscal
			: Effects of Income, Fiscal Policy, and Wealth on Private Consumption

It's Not All Fiscal : Effects of Income, Fiscal Policy, and Wealth on Private Consumption »

Volume/Issue: 2015/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laura Jaramillo , and Alexandre Chailloux

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513584744.001

ISBN: 9781513584744

Keywords: wealth, housing assets, household debt, assets, debt, Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis, Household,

We attempt to disentangle income and wealth effects on consumption by disaggregating both the different types of income and wealth. We estimate a consumption function for a panel of quarterly data for 14 advanced e...

Is Banks' Home Bias Good or Bad for Public Debt Sustainability?

Is Banks' Home Bias Good or Bad for Public Debt Sustainability? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamon Asonuma , Said Bakhache , and Heiko Hesse

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498323505.001

ISBN: 9781498323505

Keywords: Home Bias, Government Bond Yields, Primary Balance, Sovereign-bank Nexus, debt, public debt, bond, sovereign debt, market, Deficit,

Motivated by the recent increase in domestic banks' holdings of domestic sovereign debt (i.e., home bias) in the European periphery, this paper analyzes implications of banks' home bias for the sovereign's debt sus...

Investment in the Euro Area
			: Why Has It Been Weak?

Investment in the Euro Area : Why Has It Been Weak? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Pelin Berkmen , Pavel Lukyantsau , Sergejs Saksonovs , and Hanni Schoelermann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498364805.001

ISBN: 9781498364805

Keywords: credit rationing, capital, lending,

Investment across the euro area remains below its pre-crisis level. Its performance has been weaker than in most previous recessions and financial crises. This paper shows that a part of this weakness can be explai...