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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Estimating VAT Pass Through

Estimating VAT Pass Through »

Volume/Issue: 2015/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dora Benedek , Ruud A. Mooij , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513586359.001

ISBN: 9781513586359

Keywords: Tax incidence, Price effect, Pass through, consumption, prices, goods, elasticity, value, Incidence, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

This paper estimates the pass through of VAT changes to consumer prices, using a unique dataset providing disaggregated, monthly data on prices and VAT rates for 17 Eurozone countries over 1999-2013. Pass through i...

The Eurozone Crisis
			: How Banks and Sovereigns Came to Be Joined At the Hip

The Eurozone Crisis : How Banks and Sovereigns Came to Be Joined At the Hip »

Volume/Issue: 2011/269

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463925215.001

ISBN: 9781463925215

Keywords: sovereign spreads, stock market, eurozone, Bear Stearns, Anglo Irish, public debt, bonds, sovereign bond, debt ratios, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

We use the rise and dispersion of sovereign spreads to tell the story of the emergence and escalation of financial tensions within the eurozone. This process evolved through three stages. Following the onset of the...

Fiscal Adjustments
			: Determinants and Macroeconomic Consequences

Fiscal Adjustments : Determinants and Macroeconomic Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2007/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Plekhanov , Manmohan Kumar , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867428.001

ISBN: 9781451867428

Keywords: non-Ricardian model, expenditure, fiscal consolidations,

The paper analyzes the determinants of success of recent fiscal consolidations in the OECD countries as well as the short-run and long-run effects of fiscal adjustments on economic activity by looking at fourteen c...

Fundamentals-Based Estimation of Default Probabilities - A Survey

Fundamentals-Based Estimation of Default Probabilities - A Survey »

Volume/Issue: 2006/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864090.001

ISBN: 9781451864090

Keywords: Default probabilities, scoring models, ratings models, probabilities, probability, banking, forecasting, bankrupt, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Financial Economics: General

This survey reviews a number of different fundamentals-based models for estimating default probabilities for firms and/or industries, and illustrates them with real applications by practitioners and policy making i...

Aging
			: Some Pleasant Fiscal Arithmetic

Aging : Some Pleasant Fiscal Arithmetic »

Volume/Issue: 2005/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860900.001

ISBN: 9781451860900

Keywords: OECD countries, public expenditure, expenditure, expenditure growth, total expenditure, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies,

Projections of age-related public expenditure growth have raised widespread concerns about fiscal sustainability. This paper examines how total expenditure would develop under four policy rules on public expenditur...

Measuring the Trade Effects of EMU

Measuring the Trade Effects of EMU »

Volume/Issue: 2004/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857269.001

ISBN: 9781451857269

Keywords: gravity model, trade gains, monetary union, area trade, cointegration, trade effects, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper examines the impact of European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) on trade within the euro area. Using panel data for 22 industrial countries, the analysis estimates the effect of the euro's arrival on a...

Corporate Financial Structure and Financial Stability

Corporate Financial Structure and Financial Stability »

Volume/Issue: 2004/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Stone , and E. Davis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854756.001

ISBN: 9781451854756

Keywords: financial instability, currency crises, bond, currency crisis, corporate sector, financial structure, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

This paper uses flow-of-funds and balance sheet data to analyze the impact of financial crises on corporate financing and GDP in a range of countries. Post-crisis GDP contractions are mainly accounted for by declin...