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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

When Do Structural Reforms Work? On the Role of the Business Cycle and Macroeconomic Policies

When Do Structural Reforms Work? On the Role of the Business Cycle and Macroeconomic Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2016/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Bordon , Christian Ebeke , and Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513589923.001

ISBN: 9781513589923

Keywords: Structural reforms, employment, monetary policy, fiscal policy, product market, labor market, labor, employment rate, General, All Countries,

Structural reforms are expected to lift growth and employment, but their effects are surprisingly difficult to pin down empirically. One reason is their potential endogeneity to the economic environment in which th...

Individual Choice or Policies? Drivers of Female Employment in Europe

Individual Choice or Policies? Drivers of Female Employment in Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2016/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Huidan Lin , Joana Pereira , Petia Topalova , and Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513551364.001

ISBN: 9781513551364

Keywords: gender gaps, International Social Survey Programme, labor force, labor, labor supply, employment, General, Economics of Gender, General, International Social Survey Programme.,

Female labor force participation has increased markedly in many European countries during the past decades. Nonetheless, participation rates remain low in some economies, and a significant gender gap persists in mo...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Wage Moderation in Crises
			: Policy Considerations and Applications to the Euro Area

Wage Moderation in Crises : Policy Considerations and Applications to the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2015/22

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jörg Decressin , Raphael Espinoza , Ioannis Halikias , Michael Kumhof , Daniel Leigh , Prakash Loungani , Paulo Medas , Susanna Mursula , Antonio Spilimbergo , and TengTeng Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513537009.006

ISBN: 9781513537009

Keywords: Wage bargaining, Euro Area, Wage adjustments, Negative spillovers, Monetary policy, Euro area, Crisis, Current account, Internal devaluation, Unemployment

The paper studies the impacts of wage moderation in the euro area. Simulation results show that if a single euro area crisis-hit economy undertakes wage moderation, the impact on output is positive for that economy...

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS »

Volume/Issue: 2014/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Gaston , and In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513590479.001

ISBN: 9781513590479

Keywords: Supervisory role, loan loss provisioning, IFRS implementation, banking, capital adequacy, banking supervision, bank for international settlements, bank supervisors, General, Government Policy and Regulation

Countries implementing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for loan loss provisioning by banks have been guided by two different approaches: International Accounting Standards (IAS) 39 and Basel stan...

Estimating VAT Pass Through

Estimating VAT Pass Through »

Volume/Issue: 2015/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dora Benedek , Ruud A. Mooij , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513586359.001

ISBN: 9781513586359

Keywords: Tax incidence, Price effect, Pass through, consumption, prices, goods, elasticity, value, Incidence, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

This paper estimates the pass through of VAT changes to consumer prices, using a unique dataset providing disaggregated, monthly data on prices and VAT rates for 17 Eurozone countries over 1999-2013. Pass through i...

Financial Factors
			: Implications for Output Gaps

Financial Factors : Implications for Output Gaps »

Volume/Issue: 2015/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pau Rabanal , and Marzie Taheri Sanjani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513512860.001

ISBN: 9781513512860

Keywords: Monetary Union, Output Gap, Financial Frictions, Bayesian Estimation, potential output, credit, costs, monetary policy, Model Construction and Estimation, Monetary Policy (Targets

We suggest a new approach for analyzing the role of financial variables and shocks in computing the output gap. We estimate a two-region DSGE model for the euro area, with financial frictions at the household level...