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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

A Strategy for Resolving Europe's Problem Loans

A Strategy for Resolving Europe's Problem Loans »

Volume/Issue: 2015/19

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Wolfgang Bergthaler , Jose Garrido , Anna Ilyina , Andreas Jobst , Kenneth Kang , Dmitriy Kovtun , Yan Liu , Dermot Monaghan , and Marina Moretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513591278.006

ISBN: 9781513591278

Keywords: Bank resolution, Banks, Debt restructuring, Europe, Non-performing loans, Corporate debt, Nonperforming loans, NPL resolution, credit growth, debt

Europe's banking system is weighed down by high levels of non-performing loans (NPLs), which are holding down credit growth and economic activity. This discussion note uses a new survey of European country authorit...

From Systemic Banking Crises to Fiscal Costs
			: Risk Factors

From Systemic Banking Crises to Fiscal Costs : Risk Factors »

Volume/Issue: 2015/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Amaglobeli , Nicolas End , Mariusz Jarmuzek , and Geremia Palomba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513529356.001

ISBN: 9781513529356

Keywords: fiscal costs, banking, banking crises, debt, public debt, bank, General,

This paper examines the risk factors associated with fiscal costs of systemic banking crises using cross-country data. We differentiate between immediate direct fiscal costs of government intervention (e.g., recapi...

Financial Factors
			: Implications for Output Gaps

Financial Factors : Implications for Output Gaps »

Volume/Issue: 2015/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pau Rabanal , and Marzie Taheri Sanjani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513512860.001

ISBN: 9781513512860

Keywords: Monetary Union, Output Gap, Financial Frictions, Bayesian Estimation, potential output, credit, costs, monetary policy, Model Construction and Estimation, Monetary Policy (Targets

We suggest a new approach for analyzing the role of financial variables and shocks in computing the output gap. We estimate a two-region DSGE model for the euro area, with financial frictions at the household level...

It's Not All Fiscal
			: Effects of Income, Fiscal Policy, and Wealth on Private Consumption

It's Not All Fiscal : Effects of Income, Fiscal Policy, and Wealth on Private Consumption »

Volume/Issue: 2015/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laura Jaramillo , and Alexandre Chailloux

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513584744.001

ISBN: 9781513584744

Keywords: wealth, housing assets, household debt, assets, debt, Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis, Household,

We attempt to disentangle income and wealth effects on consumption by disaggregating both the different types of income and wealth. We estimate a consumption function for a panel of quarterly data for 14 advanced e...

Correcting 'Beyond the Cycle"
			: Accounting for Asset Prices in Structural Fiscal Balances

Correcting 'Beyond the Cycle" : Accounting for Asset Prices in Structural Fiscal Balances »

Volume/Issue: 2015/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Estelle Liu , Todd Mattina , and Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513520551.001

ISBN: 9781513520551

Keywords: asset price, equity market, housing market, panel data econometrics, prices, price, equity, Asset Pricing, Deficit, panel data econometrics.,

This paper outlines an operational approach for incorporating the impact of asset price cycles in the calculation of structural fiscal balances (SFBs). The global financial crisis demonstrated that movements in ass...

Playing by the Rules
			: Reforming Fiscal Governance in Europe

Playing by the Rules : Reforming Fiscal Governance in Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2015/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , and Tao Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484300282.001

ISBN: 9781484300282

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Fiscal Rules, EMU, fiscal, governance, public debt, states, enforcement, General, Intergovernmental Relations,

The paper contributes to the discussions on fiscal governance in Europe. It takes stock of recent reforms, identifies areas for further progress, and discusses a menu of policy options for the medium-term. The issu...

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments »

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , Laura Jaramillo , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and G. Terrier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378861.001

ISBN: 9781484378861

Keywords: Deficit, primary balance, size of adjustment, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, Structure and Scope of Government,

The sizeable fiscal consolidation required to stabilize the debt-to-GDP ratios in several countries in the aftermath of the global crisis raises a crucial question on its feasibility. To answer this question, we re...

Output Gap in Presence of Financial Frictions and Monetary Policy Trade-offs

Output Gap in Presence of Financial Frictions and Monetary Policy Trade-offs »

Volume/Issue: 2014/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Furlanetto , Paolo Gelain , and Marzie Taheri Sanjani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498305327.001

ISBN: 9781498305327

Keywords: Business cycles, Economic growth, Econometric models, Potential output, Macroprudential Policy, Monetary policy, Financial Frictions, Optimal Monetary Policy, Output Gap, inflation

The recent global financial crisis illustrates that financial frictions are a significant source of volatility in the economy. This paper investigates monetary policy stabilization in an environment where financial...

Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries
			: Progress, Challenges, and Policies

Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries : Progress, Challenges, and Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2014/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Thierry Tressel , Shengzu Wang , Joong Kang , Jay Shambaugh , Jörg Decressin , and Petya Koeva Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498373814.006

ISBN: 9781498373814

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Euro Area, Current account deficits, Crisis, Current account, Rebalancing, Competitiveness, External stability, Labor market

Imbalances within the euro area have been a defining feature of the crisis. This paper provides a critical analysis of the ongoing rebalancing of euro area 'deficit economies' (Greece, Ireland, Portugal, and Spain)...