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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Steady as She Goes-Estimating Potential Output During Financial 'Booms and Busts'

Steady as She Goes-Estimating Potential Output During Financial 'Booms and Busts' »

Volume/Issue: 2015/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Thomas Dowling , Sergi Lanau , Mico Mrkaic , Pau Rabanal , and Marzie Taheri Sanjani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513503271.001

ISBN: 9781513503271

Keywords: Output gap, variables, gdp, demand, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Model Construction and Estimation, Estimation, All Countries,

Potential output-in the sense of the GDP level or path an economy can sustain over the medium term-is a crucial benchmark for policymakers. However, it is difficult to estimate when financial 'booms and busts' are...

The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area
			: IMF Policy Analysis

The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area : IMF Policy Analysis »

Series: Books

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498305532.071

ISBN: 9781498305532

Keywords: Euro Area, Economic policy, debt, bank, banks, unemployment, lending

Among member states, many structural weaknesses were exposed when economic performance declined significantly and financial markets became more discerning. This book focuses on the analytical underpinnings of real-...

Dealing with Systemic Sovereign Debt Crises
			: Fiscal Consolidation, Bail-ins or Official Transfers?

Dealing with Systemic Sovereign Debt Crises : Fiscal Consolidation, Bail-ins or Official Transfers? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513569246.001

ISBN: 9781513569246

Keywords: Sovereign default, bail-ins, transfers, debt, creditors, sovereign debt, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems, General, All Countries,

The paper presents a tractable model to understand how international financial institutions (IFIs) should deal with the sovereign debt crisis of a systemic country, in which case private creditors' bail-ins entail...

Investment in the Euro Area
			: Why Has It Been Weak?

Investment in the Euro Area : Why Has It Been Weak? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Pelin Berkmen , Pavel Lukyantsau , Sergejs Saksonovs , and Hanni Schoelermann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498364805.001

ISBN: 9781498364805

Keywords: credit rationing, capital, lending,

Investment across the euro area remains below its pre-crisis level. Its performance has been weaker than in most previous recessions and financial crises. This paper shows that a part of this weakness can be explai...

Los regímenes de tipo de cambio y la estabilidad del sistema monetario internacional

Los regímenes de tipo de cambio y la estabilidad del sistema monetario internacional »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 November 2014

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498324076.084

ISBN: 9781498324076

Keywords: Exchange rate regimes, Financial stability, International monetary system, Reserve currencies, Reserves accumulation, Trade integration, tipo de cambio, régimen de tipo de cambio, tipos de cambio, tipo de cambio real

Los países miembros del Fondo Monetario Internacional colaboran para asegurar que los regímenes cambiarios funcionen ordenadamente y para fomentar la estabilidad del sistema cambiario, reconociendo que el objetivo...

Fiscal Devaluation in a Monetary Union

Fiscal Devaluation in a Monetary Union »

Volume/Issue: 2014/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philipp Engler , Giovanni Ganelli , Juha Tervala , and Simon Voigts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312131.001

ISBN: 9781484312131

Keywords: currency union, devaluation, consumption, gdp, exchange, trade balance, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Using a DSGE model calibrated to the euro area, we analyze the international effects of a fiscal devaluation (FD) implemented as a revenue-neutral shift from employer's social contributions to the Value Added Tax....

Public Employment and Compensation Reform During Times of Fiscal Consolidation

Public Employment and Compensation Reform During Times of Fiscal Consolidation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lorenzo Forni , and Natalija Novta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498350341.001

ISBN: 9781498350341

Keywords: public reform, wage, public employment, wages, recession, General,

This paper compiles and compares recent and past measures introduced to contain the public wage bill in a number of emerging and advanced economies to assess their effectiveness in bringing down expenditure in a su...