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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method »

Volume/Issue: 2016/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bibek Adhikari , Romain Duval , Bingjie Hu , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524277.001

ISBN: 9781475524277

Keywords: structural reforms, synthetic control method,liberalization, labor and productivity market reforms, growth.

A number of advanced economies carried out a sequence of extensive reforms of their labor and product markets in the 1990s and early 2000s. Using the Synthetic Control Method (SCM), this paper implements six case s...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

IMF Multi-Country Report
			: Housing Recoveries:  Cluster Report on Denmark, Ireland, Kingdom of the Netherlands-the Netherlands, and Spain

IMF Multi-Country Report : Housing Recoveries: Cluster Report on Denmark, Ireland, Kingdom of the Netherlands-the Netherlands, and Spain »

Volume/Issue: 2015/1

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498351515.002

ISBN: 9781498351515

Keywords: boom-bust cycle, monetary fund, debt accumulation, share

This report examines the experiences of four European countries that have had large house-price declines in recent years. In particular, it examines the experiences of Denmark, Ireland, the Netherlands, and Spain...

Modeling Optimal Fiscal Consolidation Paths in a Selection of European Countries

Modeling Optimal Fiscal Consolidation Paths in a Selection of European Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2011/164

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Kanda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462302208.001

ISBN: 9781462302208

Keywords: Fiscal Sustainability, U.K., fiscal consolidation, fiscal multiplier, public debt

For a number of countries - Italy, Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Germany, Ireland, and France - this paper develops an inter-temporal model that elicits the implied country-preferences over balancing the conflic...

Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700
			: How Big, How Benign and How Reversible?

Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700 : How Big, How Benign and How Reversible? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Igor Lebrun , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455261383.001

ISBN: 9781455261383

Keywords: Relative real unit labor costs, capital-output ratio, labor and product market institutions, EMU, labor costs, labor market, intermediate inputs, product market, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, Prices

Real unit labor costs (RULC) growth differentials between euro area members have persisted since EMU began and even widened out in the run-up to the crisis. This paper focuses on the causes underlying such dispersi...

A Practical Guide to Public Debt Dynamics, Fiscal Sustainability, and Cyclical Adjustment of Budgetary Aggregates

A Practical Guide to Public Debt Dynamics, Fiscal Sustainability, and Cyclical Adjustment of Budgetary Aggregates »

Volume: 10

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Julio Escolano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462396955.005

ISBN: 9781462396955

Keywords: Public debt dynamics, debt ratio, Government budget constraint, Ponzi game, Cyclically adjusted balance, debt, interest, primary balance, interest payments

This paper presents a practical guide to public debt dynamics, fiscal sustainability, and cyclical adjustment of budgetary aggregates. The paper discusses fiscal formulas, which may be of practical use in fiscal an...

From Bear Stearns to Anglo Irish
			: How Eurozone Sovereign Spreads Related to Financial Sector Vulnerability

From Bear Stearns to Anglo Irish : How Eurozone Sovereign Spreads Related to Financial Sector Vulnerability »

Volume/Issue: 2009/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872552.001

ISBN: 9781451872552

Keywords: sovereign bond, bond, debt ratios

This paper attempts to explain the recent rise and differentiation of sovereign spreads across the countries of the eurozone. Following the onset of the subprime crisis in July 2007, spreads rose but mainly on acco...

Cross-Border Coordination of Prudential Supervision and Deposit Guarantees

Cross-Border Coordination of Prudential Supervision and Deposit Guarantees »

Volume/Issue: 2008/283

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871418.001

ISBN: 9781451871418

Keywords: Deposit guarantees, cross-border coordination, EU, banking, deposit guarantee, prudential supervision,

The scramble to expand deposit guarantees in Europe in response to recent financial turmoil confirms that the on-going integration of European financial markets requires closer coordination of prudential policies a...