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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Estimating VAT Pass Through

Estimating VAT Pass Through »

Volume/Issue: 2015/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dora Benedek , Ruud A. Mooij , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513586359.001

ISBN: 9781513586359

Keywords: Tax incidence, Price effect, Pass through, consumption, prices, goods, elasticity, value, Incidence, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

This paper estimates the pass through of VAT changes to consumer prices, using a unique dataset providing disaggregated, monthly data on prices and VAT rates for 17 Eurozone countries over 1999-2013. Pass through i...

The Eurozone Crisis
			: How Banks and Sovereigns Came to Be Joined At the Hip

The Eurozone Crisis : How Banks and Sovereigns Came to Be Joined At the Hip »

Volume/Issue: 2011/269

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463925215.001

ISBN: 9781463925215

Keywords: sovereign spreads, stock market, eurozone, Bear Stearns, Anglo Irish, public debt, bonds, sovereign bond, debt ratios, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

We use the rise and dispersion of sovereign spreads to tell the story of the emergence and escalation of financial tensions within the eurozone. This process evolved through three stages. Following the onset of the...

Expansionary Austerity New International Evidence

Expansionary Austerity New International Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2011/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Leigh , Andrea Pescatori , and Jaime Guajardo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455294695.001

ISBN: 9781455294695

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, budget deficit, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, And Finance,

This paper investigates the short-term effects of fiscal consolidation on economic activity in OECD economies. We examine the historical record, including Budget Speeches and IMFdocuments, to identify changes in fi...

Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700
			: How Big, How Benign and How Reversible?

Real Unit Labor Costs Differentials in EMU+L4700 : How Big, How Benign and How Reversible? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Igor Lebrun , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455261383.001

ISBN: 9781455261383

Keywords: Relative real unit labor costs, capital-output ratio, labor and product market institutions, EMU, labor costs, labor market, intermediate inputs, product market, Aggregate Factor Income Distribution, Prices

Real unit labor costs (RULC) growth differentials between euro area members have persisted since EMU began and even widened out in the run-up to the crisis. This paper focuses on the causes underlying such dispersi...

From Bear Stearns to Anglo Irish
			: How Eurozone Sovereign Spreads Related to Financial Sector Vulnerability

From Bear Stearns to Anglo Irish : How Eurozone Sovereign Spreads Related to Financial Sector Vulnerability »

Volume/Issue: 2009/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872552.001

ISBN: 9781451872552

Keywords: sovereign bond, bond, debt ratios

This paper attempts to explain the recent rise and differentiation of sovereign spreads across the countries of the eurozone. Following the onset of the subprime crisis in July 2007, spreads rose but mainly on acco...

Measuring the Trade Effects of EMU

Measuring the Trade Effects of EMU »

Volume/Issue: 2004/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857269.001

ISBN: 9781451857269

Keywords: gravity model, trade gains, monetary union, area trade, cointegration, trade effects, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper examines the impact of European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) on trade within the euro area. Using panel data for 22 industrial countries, the analysis estimates the effect of the euro's arrival on a...

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies of the Euro Area
			: Selected Issues

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies of the Euro Area : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2001/201

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451812992.002

ISBN: 9781451812992

Keywords: inflation, inflation rate, random walk, production function, unit root

This Selected Issues paper estimates the potential output and the associated nonaccelerating inflation rate of unemployment in the euro area. The study presents a conceptual framework for analyzing currency movemen...