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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Tracking Global Demand for Advanced Economy Sovereign Debt

Tracking Global Demand for Advanced Economy Sovereign Debt »

Volume/Issue: 2012/284

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , and Takahiro Tsuda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475596403.001

ISBN: 9781475596403

Keywords: Portfolio Choice, Investment Decisions, government debt, central banks, central bank, external debt, Portfolio Choice and Investment Decisions, General,

Recent events have shown that sovereigns, just like banks, can be subject to runs, highlighting the importance of the investor base for their liabilities. This paper proposes a methodology for compiling internation...

Product Market Regulation and the Benefits of Wage Moderation

Product Market Regulation and the Benefits of Wage Moderation »

Volume/Issue: 2005/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcello Estevão

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862102.001

ISBN: 9781451862102

Keywords: Structural change, product market, labor market, reforms, wage, unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, Market Structure and Pricing: General,

Euro-area real wages have decelerated sharply in the last 20 years, but this has not yet translated into visibly lower unemployment or faster growth. Weak output growth after such a cost shock is somewhat puzzling...

Euro Area Policies
			: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2005/266

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813029.002

ISBN: 9781451813029

Keywords: product market, labor market, unemployment rate, labor productivity

This Selected Issues paper for euro area policies analyzes the product market regulation and benefits of wage moderation. The paper identifies structural shifts in the relationship between wages and unemployment ra...

Country and Industry Dynamics in Stock Returns

Country and Industry Dynamics in Stock Returns »

Volume/Issue: 2003/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Catão , and Allan Timmermann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847277.001

ISBN: 9781451847277

Keywords: Diversification, Risk, Volatility States, Regime Switching, correlations, probabilities, stock returns, covariances, correlation, Bayesian Analysis

A perennial question in international finance is to what extent stock returns are influenced by country-location, as opposed to industry-affiliation, factors. This paper develops a novel methodology to measure thes...