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Quantitative Easing and Long-Term Yields in Small Open Economies

Quantitative Easing and Long-Term Yields in Small Open Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2017/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Diez de los Rios , and Maral Shamloo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484320730.001

ISBN: 9781484320730

Keywords: Europe, Sweden, Switzerland, Central banks and their policies, United Kingdom, United States, Western Hemisphere, Unconventional monetary policy, event study, signaling

We compare the effectiveness of Federal Reserve's asset purchase programs in lowering longterm yields with that of similar programs implemented by the Bank of England, the Swedish Riksbank, and the Swiss National B...

Bank Solvency and Funding Cost

Bank Solvency and Funding Cost »

Volume/Issue: 2016/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph Aymanns , Carlos Caceres , Christina Daniel , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513591131.001

ISBN: 9781513591131

Keywords: Solvency, funding cost, bank fundamentals, bank, banks, interest, capital, risk, General, All Countries,

Understanding the interaction between bank solvency and funding cost is a crucial pre-requisite for stress-testing. In this paper we study the sensitivity of bank funding cost to solvency measures while controlling...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/286

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wenyi Shen , Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513578972.001

ISBN: 9781513578972

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Low-income Countries, Public Investment, Fiscal Multipliers, Small Open DSGE Models, Aid, investment, government spending, exchange rate, exchange

Despite the voluminous literature on fiscal policy, very few papers focus on low-income countries (LICs). This paper develops a new-Keynesian small open economy model to show, analytically and through simulations,...

How Does Post-Crisis Bank Capital Adequacy Affect Firm Investment?

How Does Post-Crisis Bank Capital Adequacy Affect Firm Investment? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yangfan Sun , and Hui Tong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513593593.001

ISBN: 9781513593593

Keywords: Bank Capital Adequacy, Firm Investment, bank, capital, banks, bank capital, credit, General,

We examine the effect of bank capital levels on firm investment drawing on a sample of 11,106 non-financial firms from 2007 to 2013 in 16 advanced economies. We examine two measures of bank capital adequacy, the Ti...

What Really Drives Public Debt
			: A Holistic Approach

What Really Drives Public Debt : A Holistic Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2015/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Anaya , and Alex Pienkowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513591353.001

ISBN: 9781513591353

Keywords: debt, interest, interest rate, General, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

This paper presents a novel approach to detail the propagation of shocks to public debt. The modeling technique involves a structural vector auto-regression (SVAR) estimator with an endogenous debt accumulation equ...

When Should Public Debt Be Reduced?

When Should Public Debt Be Reduced? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/10

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , and Raphael Espinoza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498379205.006

ISBN: 9781498379205

Keywords: Economic growth, Public investment, Public debt, debt, investment, financial crisis, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt,

What considerations should guide public debt policy going forward? Should debt be reduced to achieve normative anchors (such as 60 percent of GDP), should it be increased further to finance a big public investment...

Uncertainty and Investment
			: The Financial Intermediary Balance Sheet Channel

Uncertainty and Investment : The Financial Intermediary Balance Sheet Channel »

Volume/Issue: 2015/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sophia Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475593167.001

ISBN: 9781475593167

Keywords: Short-term debt, balance sheet, uncertainty, underinvestment, bank, debt, value, liquidation, banks, Economics of Contract: Theory

Rollover risk imposes market discipline on banks' risk-taking behavior but it can be socially costly. I present a two-sided model in which a bank simultaneously lends to a firm and borrows from the short-term fun...

How Delaying Fiscal Consolidation Affects the Present Value of GDP

How Delaying Fiscal Consolidation Affects the Present Value of GDP »

Volume/Issue: 2015/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Fletcher , and Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498393577.001

ISBN: 9781498393577

Keywords: hysteresis, fiscal multipliers, gdp, multipliers, debt, interest, interest rate,

We develop a simple model to examine the conditions under which delaying fiscal consolidation can affect the present value of GDP via the fiscal stance's effects on the output gap and hysteresis. We find that the a...

Market Signals and the Cost of Credit Risk Protection
			: An Analysis of CDS Settlement Auctions

Market Signals and the Cost of Credit Risk Protection : An Analysis of CDS Settlement Auctions »

Volume/Issue: 2014/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luisa Zanforlin , and Nobuyuki Kanazawa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498389471.001

ISBN: 9781498389471

Keywords: Credit Default Swaps, Market signals, Derivative Markets, cds, default, market, default probabilities, General, Derivative Markets.,

We study the link between the probability of default implied by Credit Default Swaps (CDS) spreads and the final prices of the defaulted bonds as established at the CDS settlement auctions. We observe that the post...