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Countercyclical Fiscal Policy and Gender Employment: Evidence from the G-7 Countries

Countercyclical Fiscal Policy and Gender Employment: Evidence from the G-7 Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , Jiro Honda , and Hiroaki Miyamoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484390054.001

ISBN: 9781484390054

Keywords: Italy, Japan, Germany, Europe, Canada, Asia and Pacific, France, United Kingdom, United States, Western Hemisphere

Would countercyclical fiscal policy during recessions improve or worsen the gender employment gap? We give an answer to this question by exploring the state-dependent impact of fiscal spending shocks on employment...

Quantitative Easing and Long-Term Yields in Small Open Economies

Quantitative Easing and Long-Term Yields in Small Open Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2017/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Diez de los Rios , and Maral Shamloo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484320730.001

ISBN: 9781484320730

Keywords: Europe, Sweden, Switzerland, Central banks and their policies, United Kingdom, United States, Western Hemisphere, Unconventional monetary policy, event study, signaling

We compare the effectiveness of Federal Reserve's asset purchase programs in lowering longterm yields with that of similar programs implemented by the Bank of England, the Swedish Riksbank, and the Swiss National B...

Bank Solvency and Funding Cost

Bank Solvency and Funding Cost »

Volume/Issue: 2016/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph Aymanns , Carlos Caceres , Christina Daniel , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513591131.001

ISBN: 9781513591131

Keywords: Solvency, funding cost, bank fundamentals, bank, banks, interest, capital, risk, General, All Countries,

Understanding the interaction between bank solvency and funding cost is a crucial pre-requisite for stress-testing. In this paper we study the sensitivity of bank funding cost to solvency measures while controlling...

What’s In a Name? That Which We Call Capital Controls

What’s In a Name? That Which We Call Capital Controls »

Volume/Issue: 2016/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , and Mahvash Qureshi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498332835.001

ISBN: 9781498332835

Keywords: gold standard, interwar period, Bretton Woods, financial crisis, markets, market, emerging markets, All Countries,, Capital controls, Capital flows

This paper investigates why controls on capital inflows have a bad name, and evoke such visceral opposition, by tracing how capital controls have been used and perceived, since the late nineteenth century. While ad...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/286

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wenyi Shen , Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513578972.001

ISBN: 9781513578972

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Low-income Countries, Public Investment, Fiscal Multipliers, Small Open DSGE Models, Aid, investment, government spending, exchange rate, exchange

Despite the voluminous literature on fiscal policy, very few papers focus on low-income countries (LICs). This paper develops a new-Keynesian small open economy model to show, analytically and through simulations,...

The Impact of Unconventional Monetary Policy Measures by the Systemic Four on Global Liquidity and Monetary Conditions

The Impact of Unconventional Monetary Policy Measures by the Systemic Four on Global Liquidity and Monetary Conditions »

Volume/Issue: 2015/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yevgeniya Korniyenko , and Elena Loukoianova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513589848.001

ISBN: 9781513589848

Keywords: unconventional monetary policy, capital flows, liquidity, monetary policy, securities, balance sheets, issuance, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Government Policy and Regulation, capital flows.,

The paper examines the impact of unconventional monetary policy measures (UMPMs) implemented since 2008 in the United States, the United Kingdom, Euro area and Japan— the Systemic Four—on global monetary and liquid...

Changes in the Global Investor Base and the Stability of Portfolio Flows to Emerging Markets

Changes in the Global Investor Base and the Stability of Portfolio Flows to Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Brandao-Marques , R. Gelos , Hibiki Ichiue , and Hiroko Oura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513555560.001

ISBN: 9781513555560

Keywords: Capital flows, emerging markets, mutual funds, flows, portfolio, bond, equity, portfolio flows, All Countries,

An analysis of mutual-fund-level flow data into EM bond and equity markets confirms that different types of funds behave differently. Bond funds are more sensitive to global factors and engage more in return chasin...

How Does Post-Crisis Bank Capital Adequacy Affect Firm Investment?

How Does Post-Crisis Bank Capital Adequacy Affect Firm Investment? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yangfan Sun , and Hui Tong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513593593.001

ISBN: 9781513593593

Keywords: Bank Capital Adequacy, Firm Investment, bank, capital, banks, bank capital, credit, General,

We examine the effect of bank capital levels on firm investment drawing on a sample of 11,106 non-financial firms from 2007 to 2013 in 16 advanced economies. We examine two measures of bank capital adequacy, the Ti...

What Really Drives Public Debt
			: A Holistic Approach

What Really Drives Public Debt : A Holistic Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2015/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Anaya , and Alex Pienkowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513591353.001

ISBN: 9781513591353

Keywords: debt, interest, interest rate, General, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

This paper presents a novel approach to detail the propagation of shocks to public debt. The modeling technique involves a structural vector auto-regression (SVAR) estimator with an endogenous debt accumulation equ...