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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe
			: Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe : Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339909.086

ISBN: 9781484339909

Europe continues to enjoy a strong growth spurt. Growth has firmed up in many European economies and the forecast is for more of the same. Real GDP increased by 2.8 percent in 2017, up from 1.8 percent in 2016. The...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Los regímenes de tipo de cambio y la estabilidad del sistema monetario internacional

Los regímenes de tipo de cambio y la estabilidad del sistema monetario internacional »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 November 2014

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498324076.084

ISBN: 9781498324076

Keywords: Exchange rate regimes, Financial stability, International monetary system, Reserve currencies, Reserves accumulation, Trade integration, tipo de cambio, régimen de tipo de cambio, tipos de cambio, tipo de cambio real

Los países miembros del Fondo Monetario Internacional colaboran para asegurar que los regímenes cambiarios funcionen ordenadamente y para fomentar la estabilidad del sistema cambiario, reconociendo que el objetivo...

Taxation, Bank Leverage, and Financial Crises

Taxation, Bank Leverage, and Financial Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2013/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruud A. Mooij , Michael Keen , and Masanori Orihara

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475577709.001

ISBN: 9781475577709

Keywords: Bank taxation, corporate tax, debt bias, leverage, banking crisis, banking, financial crisis, banking crises, systemic banking crisis, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

That most corporate tax systems favor debt over equity finance is now widely recognized as, potentially, amplifying risks to financial stability. This paper makes a first attempt to explore, empirically, the link b...

Fiscal Monitor, April 2012
			: Balancing Fiscal Policy Risks

Fiscal Monitor, April 2012 : Balancing Fiscal Policy Risks »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352486.089

ISBN: 9781616352486

Keywords: fiscal policy, central bank, public debt, fiscal adjustment

Overall, fiscal risks remain elevated, according to this issue, although there are signs that in some key respects they are less acute than six months ago. Past efforts with fiscal consolidation are beginning to be...

Fiscal Devaluation and Fiscal Consolidation
			: The VAT in Troubled Times

Fiscal Devaluation and Fiscal Consolidation : The VAT in Troubled Times »

Volume/Issue: 2012/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502480.001

ISBN: 9781475502480

Keywords: value-added tax, tax reform, vat, taxation, tax rates, fiscal consolidation, tax changes, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

This paper focuses on two core tax design issues that arise in addressing current fiscal challenges. It first explores the idea, prominent in troubled Eurozone countries, of a "fiscal devaluation": shifting from so...

Euro Area Policies
			: Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2011/185

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462339549.002

ISBN: 9781462339549

Keywords: spillovers, bond, financial markets, financial market, financial sector, Euro Area Policies:,

The euro area (EA) plays a major role in the global economy. Market perceptions of events in the EA program countries illustrate the possibility of large spillovers from the area in times of stress. The prospect of...

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies »

Volume/Issue: 2010/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210794.001

ISBN: 9781455210794

Keywords: pension, retirement, health care, retirement age, Structure and Scope of Government: Other, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Deficit Surplus

With a modest recovery in the global economy underway, and amid rising concerns about the sharp increase in government debt in several countries, debate has increasingly focused on the need to identify and implemen...

Core Inflation Measures and Statistical Issues in Choosing Among Them

Core Inflation Measures and Statistical Issues in Choosing Among Them »

Volume/Issue: 2006/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mick Silver

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863574.001

ISBN: 9781451863574

Keywords: Core Inflation, Core CPI, central bank, money supply, monetary authorities,

This paper provides an overview of statistical measurement issues relating to alternative measures of core inflation, and the criteria for choosing among them. The approaches to measurement considered include exclu...