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Countercyclical Fiscal Policy and Gender Employment: Evidence from the G-7 Countries

Countercyclical Fiscal Policy and Gender Employment: Evidence from the G-7 Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , Jiro Honda , and Hiroaki Miyamoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484390054.001

ISBN: 9781484390054

Keywords: Italy, Japan, Germany, Europe, Canada, Asia and Pacific, France, United Kingdom, United States, Western Hemisphere

Would countercyclical fiscal policy during recessions improve or worsen the gender employment gap? We give an answer to this question by exploring the state-dependent impact of fiscal spending shocks on employment...

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR)
			: Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) : Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose »

Volume: 1

Series: Tax Law Technical Note

Author(s): Christophe Waerzeggers , and Cory Hillier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515823.008

ISBN: 9781513515823

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax regimes, Tax systems, tax, tax benefit, tax law, transaction, tax avoidance

Tax avoidance continues to attract attention globally with strong support for tax law reform at all levels. This Tax Law IMF Technical Note focuses on some of the key design and drafting considerations of one speci...

The Lender of Last Resort Function after the Global Financial Crisis

The Lender of Last Resort Function after the Global Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2016/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Dobler , Simon Gray , Diarmuid Murphy , and Bozena Radzewicz-Bak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498355995.001

ISBN: 9781498355995

Keywords: collateral, risk control measures, market, lender, liquidity, central bank, Government Policy and Regulation, All Countries,, Lender of last resort, Central banks and their policies

The global financial crisis (GFC) has renewed interest in emergency liquidity support (sometimes referred to as “Lender of Last Resort”) provided by central banks to financial institutions and challenged the tradit...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Vertical Fiscal Imbalances and the Accumulation of Government Debt

Vertical Fiscal Imbalances and the Accumulation of Government Debt »

Volume/Issue: 2014/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Inaki Aldasoro , and Mike Seiferling

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484357552.001

ISBN: 9781484357552

Keywords: panel data, GFSY, decentralization, subnational, subnational governments, transfers, Models with Panel Data, General, State and Local Borrowing, Intergovernmental Relations,

Delegating fiscal decision making power to sub-national governments has been an area of interest for both academics and policymakers given the expectation that it may lead to better and more efficient provision of...

Sovereign Debt Composition in Advanced Economies
			: A Historical Perspective

Sovereign Debt Composition in Advanced Economies : A Historical Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2014/162

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Laura Blattner , Mark De Broeck , Asmaa ElGanainy , and Malin Hu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498358781.001

ISBN: 9781498358781

Keywords: sovereign debt composition, sovereign debt management, historical debt database, central bank, government debt, debt structure, debt management,

We examine how the composition of public debt, broken down by currency, maturity, holder profile and marketability, has responded to major debt accumulation and consolidation episodes during 1900-2011. Covering thi...

United Kingdom
			: Selected Issues

United Kingdom : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/234

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498304337.002

ISBN: 9781498304337

Keywords: recession, mortgage, housing supply, mortgage credit, mortgage debt

...

National Income and Its Distribution

National Income and Its Distribution »

Volume/Issue: 2014/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Bruckner , Era Dabla-Norris , and Mark Gradstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498347815.001

ISBN: 9781498347815

Keywords: inequality, growth, gini, gini coefficient, dependent variable, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Does the distribution of income within a country become more equal as it grows richer? This paper uses plausibly exogenous variations in trade-weighted world income and international oil price shocks as instruments...

Shock from Graying
			: Is the Demographic Shift Weakening Monetary Policy Effectiveness

Shock from Graying : Is the Demographic Shift Weakening Monetary Policy Effectiveness »

Volume/Issue: 2013/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475598070.001

ISBN: 9781475598070

Keywords: Demographic shift, life-cycle model, monetary policy, inflation, monetary transmission, central bank, inflation targeting, Demographic Trends and Forecasts,

Abstract Empirical evidence is mounting that, in advanced economies, changes in monetary policy have a more benign impact on the economy—given better anchored inflation expectations and inflation being less...

Quarterly GDP Revisions in G-20 Countries
			: Evidence from the 2008 Financial Crisis

Quarterly GDP Revisions in G-20 Countries : Evidence from the 2008 Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2013/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manik Shrestha , and Marco Marini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475557398.001

ISBN: 9781475557398

Keywords: Quarterly National Accounts, Revisions Analysis, growth rates, gdp growth, gdp growth rates, national accounts, business cycle, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data

This paper presents a statistical analysis of revisions in quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) of the Group of Twenty countries (G-20) since 2000. The main objective is to assess whether the reliability of early...