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Countercyclical Fiscal Policy and Gender Employment: Evidence from the G-7 Countries

Countercyclical Fiscal Policy and Gender Employment: Evidence from the G-7 Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , Jiro Honda , and Hiroaki Miyamoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484390054.001

ISBN: 9781484390054

Keywords: Italy, Japan, Germany, Europe, Canada, Asia and Pacific, France, United Kingdom, United States, Western Hemisphere

Would countercyclical fiscal policy during recessions improve or worsen the gender employment gap? We give an answer to this question by exploring the state-dependent impact of fiscal spending shocks on employment...

What’s In a Name? That Which We Call Capital Controls

What’s In a Name? That Which We Call Capital Controls »

Volume/Issue: 2016/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , and Mahvash Qureshi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498332835.001

ISBN: 9781498332835

Keywords: gold standard, interwar period, Bretton Woods, financial crisis, markets, market, emerging markets, All Countries,, Capital controls, Capital flows

This paper investigates why controls on capital inflows have a bad name, and evoke such visceral opposition, by tracing how capital controls have been used and perceived, since the late nineteenth century. While ad...

The Financial Wealth of Corporations

The Financial Wealth of Corporations »

Volume/Issue: 2016/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuko Hashimoto , and Noriaki Kinoshita

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484395073.001

ISBN: 9781484395073

Keywords: Nonfinancial corporation, financial balance sheet, net financial wealth, balance sheet, equity, debt, balance sheets, stock, General, Methodology for Collecting

This paper analyzes the nonfinancial corporation (NFC) sector’s financial balance sheets using data available from the OECD. In our sample of 20 advanced economies, corporate debt in percent of GDP—a frequently use...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Building a Better Union
			: Incentivizing Structural Reforms in the Euro Area

Building a Better Union : Incentivizing Structural Reforms in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2015/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Angana Banerji , Bergljot Barkbu , James John , Tidiane Kinda , Sergejs Saksonovs , Hanni Schoelermann , and Tao Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513517087.001

ISBN: 9781513517087

Keywords: Structural reform, European economic governance, governance, states, member states, legislation, fiscal, Planning, Coordination, and Reform

The momentum for structural reforms is waning in the euro area at a time when even faster progress is needed to boost productivity and growth, achieve real economic convergence, and improve the resilience of the mo...

Financial Factors
			: Implications for Output Gaps

Financial Factors : Implications for Output Gaps »

Volume/Issue: 2015/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pau Rabanal , and Marzie Taheri Sanjani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513512860.001

ISBN: 9781513512860

Keywords: Monetary Union, Output Gap, Financial Frictions, Bayesian Estimation, potential output, credit, costs, monetary policy, Model Construction and Estimation, Monetary Policy (Targets

We suggest a new approach for analyzing the role of financial variables and shocks in computing the output gap. We estimate a two-region DSGE model for the euro area, with financial frictions at the household level...

Finance & Development, June 2015

Finance & Development, June 2015 »

Volume/Issue: 52/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484371220.022

ISBN: 9781484371220

Keywords: Finance and Development, development, finance, markets, monetary fund, development goals

This chapter takes stock of the world's development agenda, examining how to best seize this opportunity. Government officials and representatives from civil society organizations, donor groups, and the private sec...

When Should Public Debt Be Reduced?

When Should Public Debt Be Reduced? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/10

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , and Raphael Espinoza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498379205.006

ISBN: 9781498379205

Keywords: Economic growth, Public investment, Public debt, debt, investment, financial crisis, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt,

What considerations should guide public debt policy going forward? Should debt be reduced to achieve normative anchors (such as 60 percent of GDP), should it be increased further to finance a big public investment...

Playing by the Rules
			: Reforming Fiscal Governance in Europe

Playing by the Rules : Reforming Fiscal Governance in Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2015/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , and Tao Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484300282.001

ISBN: 9781484300282

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Fiscal Rules, EMU, fiscal, governance, public debt, states, enforcement, General, Intergovernmental Relations,

The paper contributes to the discussions on fiscal governance in Europe. It takes stock of recent reforms, identifies areas for further progress, and discusses a menu of policy options for the medium-term. The issu...

The Level of Productivity in Traded and Non-Traded Sectors for a Large Panel of Countries

The Level of Productivity in Traded and Non-Traded Sectors for a Large Panel of Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Mano , and Marola Castillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484392140.001

ISBN: 9781484392140

Keywords: Sectoral Productivity, Traded and Non-Traded Sectors, industry, productivity, value added, value, products, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper explains in detail the construction of series for productivity in the traded and nontraded sectors for a panel of 56 countries spanning 1989-2012. The level of productivity in each sector is defined as r...