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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

International Reserves and Self-Insurance against External Shocks

International Reserves and Self-Insurance against External Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 2008/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Régis Barnichon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870077.001

ISBN: 9781451870077

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Terms of Trade Shocks, disasters, terms of trade, trade shocks, disaster,

The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published...

International Reserves and Self-Insurance against External Shocks

International Reserves and Self-Insurance against External Shocks »

Source: International Reserves and Self-Insurance against External Shocks

Volume/Issue: 2008/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Régis Barnichon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870077

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Terms of Trade Shocks, disasters, terms of trade, trade shocks, disaster,

The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published...

Concept of Offshore Financial Centers

Concept of Offshore Financial Centers »

Source: Concept of Offshore Financial Centers : In Search of an Operational Definition

Volume/Issue: 2007/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ahmed Zoromé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866513

Keywords: CPIS, statistics, portfolio investment, equation, survey, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper proposes a new definition of Offshore Financial Centers (OFCs) and develops a statistical method to differentiate between OFCs and non-OFCs using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CP...

Concept of Offshore Financial Centers
			: In Search of an Operational Definition

Concept of Offshore Financial Centers : In Search of an Operational Definition »

Volume/Issue: 2007/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ahmed Zoromé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866513.001

ISBN: 9781451866513

Keywords: CPIS, statistics, portfolio investment, equation, survey, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper proposes a new definition of Offshore Financial Centers (OFCs) and develops a statistical method to differentiate between OFCs and non-OFCs using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CP...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062184.012

ISBN: 9781589062184

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, payments, foreign currency, credit, direct investment, shares, purchases

This 2003 Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions provides a detailed description of the exchange arrangements and exchange/trade restrictions of individual IMF member countries and Hong Ko...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589062184

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, payments, foreign currency, credit, direct investment, shares, purchases

This 2003 Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions provides a detailed description of the exchange arrangements and exchange/trade restrictions of individual IMF member countries and Hong Ko...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589062184

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, payments, foreign currency, credit, direct investment, shares, purchases

This 2003 Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions provides a detailed description of the exchange arrangements and exchange/trade restrictions of individual IMF member countries and Hong Ko...

Appendix: Country Table Matrix

Appendix: Country Table Matrix »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589062184

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, payments, foreign currency, credit, direct investment, shares, purchases

Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

Compilation Guide

Compilation Guide »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589062184

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, payments, foreign currency, credit, direct investment, shares, purchases

Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...