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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Assessing Exchange Rate Competitiveness in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union1

Assessing Exchange Rate Competitiveness in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union1 »

Source: Assessing Exchange Rate Competitiveness in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2009/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emilio Pineda , Paul Cashin , and Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872255

Keywords: Equilibrium real exchange rate, tourism exports, panel estimation, ECCU, exchange rate, real exchange rate, current account, current account balance,

This paper uses three methods to assess movements of real exchange rates in the ECCU over time. First, the purchasing power parity hypothesis is tested and then used to provide a benchmark for equilibrium real exch...

Assessing Exchange Rate Competitiveness in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Assessing Exchange Rate Competitiveness in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Volume/Issue: 2009/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emilio Pineda , Paul Cashin , and Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872255.001

ISBN: 9781451872255

Keywords: Equilibrium real exchange rate, tourism exports, panel estimation, ECCU, exchange rate, real exchange rate, current account, current account balance,

This paper uses three methods to assess movements of real exchange rates in the ECCU over time. First, the purchasing power parity hypothesis is tested and then used to provide a benchmark for equilibrium real exch...

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Source: Eastern Caribbean Currency Union : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/96

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451811728

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange, exchange rates, current account

This paper assesses the evolution of Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) real exchange rates over time, and examines whether the region has lost competitiveness. The main finding is that there is little evidenc...

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues »

Source: Eastern Caribbean Currency Union : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/96

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451811728

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange, exchange rates, current account

This paper assesses the evolution of Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) real exchange rates over time, and examines whether the region has lost competitiveness. The main finding is that there is little evidenc...

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues »

Source: Eastern Caribbean Currency Union : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/96

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451811728

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange, exchange rates, current account

This paper assesses the evolution of Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) real exchange rates over time, and examines whether the region has lost competitiveness. The main finding is that there is little evidenc...

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues »

Source: Eastern Caribbean Currency Union : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/96

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451811728

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange, exchange rates, current account

This paper assesses the evolution of Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) real exchange rates over time, and examines whether the region has lost competitiveness. The main finding is that there is little evidenc...

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues »

Source: Eastern Caribbean Currency Union : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/96

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451811728

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange, exchange rates, current account

This paper assesses the evolution of Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) real exchange rates over time, and examines whether the region has lost competitiveness. The main finding is that there is little evidenc...

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues »

Source: Eastern Caribbean Currency Union : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/96

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451811728

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange, exchange rates, current account

This paper assesses the evolution of Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) real exchange rates over time, and examines whether the region has lost competitiveness. The main finding is that there is little evidenc...

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union: Selected Issues »

Source: Eastern Caribbean Currency Union : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/96

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451811728

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange, exchange rates, current account

This paper assesses the evolution of Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) real exchange rates over time, and examines whether the region has lost competitiveness. The main finding is that there is little evidenc...