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Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia
			: Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia : Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration »

Volume/Issue: 2018/7

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Peter Kunzel , Phil De Imus , Edward Gemayel , Risto Herrala , Alexei Kireyev , and Farid Talishli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484358177.087

ISBN: 9781484358177

Keywords: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic integration, Economic integration, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Tajikistan, Trade liberalization

The Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries are at an important juncture in their economic transition. Following significant economic progress during the 2000s, recent external shocks have revealed the underlying...

Republic of Uzbekistan
			: 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Uzbekistan

Republic of Uzbekistan : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Uzbekistan »

Volume/Issue: 2018/117

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484354896.002

ISBN: 9781484354896

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Spillovers, Fiscal policy, Fiscal transparency, Monetary policy, Inflation targeting, Exchange rate policy, Financial stability, Fiscal reforms, Sustainable development

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that Uzbekistan's external position remains strong. External shocks, which began in 2014, lowered exports, commodity prices, and remittances and contributed to a decline...

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Edward Gemayel , Lorraine Ocampos , Matteo Ghilardi , and James Aylward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337165.087

ISBN: 9781484337165

Keywords: Growth acceleration, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Republic of, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan

Since 2014, large and persistent external shocks have hit the CCA region, particularly a slump in global commodity prices and slower growth in its key economic partners. Fiscal accommodation, along with currency ad...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484336731.087

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

The Spillover Effects of Russia's Economic Slowdown on Neighboring Countries

The Spillover Effects of Russia's Economic Slowdown on Neighboring Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2016/03

Series: Spillover Notes

Author(s): Ara Stepanyan , Agustin Roitman , Gohar Minasyan , Dragana Ostojic , and Natan Epstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475541434.062

ISBN: 9781475541434

Keywords: Economic growth, Europe, External shocks, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Middle East, Regional shocks, Moldova, Inflation, Russian Federation

In the face of sharply lower oil prices and geopolitical tensions and sanctions, economic activity in Russia decelerated in late 2014, resulting in negative spillovers on Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) a...

The Spillover Effects of Russia's Economic Slowdown on Neighboring Countries

The Spillover Effects of Russia's Economic Slowdown on Neighboring Countries »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Ara Stepanyan , Agustin Roitman , Gohar Minasyan , Dragana Ostojic , and Natan Epstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513571348.087

ISBN: 9781513571348

Keywords: External shocks, Russian Federation, Economic growth, Negative spillovers, Regional shocks, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Central and Eastern Europe, Baltics, Regional trade, Remittances

In the face of sharply lower oil prices and geopolitical tensions and sanctions, economic activity in Russia decelerated in late 2014, resulting in negative spillovers on Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) a...

How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia?

How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Ben Naceur , Amr Hosny , and Gregory Hadjian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513507279.001

ISBN: 9781513507279

Keywords: financial dollarization, financial development, de-dollarization, exchange, exchange rate, currency, inflation, deposits, General,

Dollarization rates in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) region are among the highest in the world, with adverse consequences for macroeconomic stability, monetary policy transmission, and financial sector develo...

Joining the Club? Procyclicality of Private Capital Inflows in Low Income Developing Countries

Joining the Club? Procyclicality of Private Capital Inflows in Low Income Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juliana Araujo , Antonio David , Carlos van Hombeeck , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513508146.001

ISBN: 9781513508146

Keywords: Cyclicality, Emerging Markets, capital inflows, private capital, international capital, developing countries, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Emerging Markets.,

Using a newly developed dataset this paper examines the cyclicality of private capital inflows to low-income developing countries (LIDCs) over the period 1990-2012. The empirical analysis shows that capital inflows...

Non-FDI Capital Inflows in Low-Income Developing Countries
			: Catching the Wave?

Non-FDI Capital Inflows in Low-Income Developing Countries : Catching the Wave? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juliana Araujo , Antonio David , Carlos van Hombeeck , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484341087.001

ISBN: 9781484341087

Keywords: Gross Capital Flows, Surges, Low-Income Countries, markets, monetary fund, private capital, General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Low-income countries (LIDCs) are typically characterized by intermittent and very modest access to private external funding sources. Motivated by recent developments in private flows to LIDCs this paper makes two c...

Determinants of Bank Interest Margins in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Determinants of Bank Interest Margins in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2015/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raja Almarzoqi , and Sami Ben Naceur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484342817.001

ISBN: 9781484342817

Keywords: Interest margins, Operating costs, Market power, Macroeconomic policies, bank, interest, banks, risk, credit, General,

In this paper, we use a bank-level panel dataset to investigate the determinants of bank interest margins in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) over the period 1998-2013. We apply the dealership model of Ho and Sa...