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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark

One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark »

Volume/Issue: 2009/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , and Theo Eicher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873337.001

ISBN: 9781451873337

Keywords: Preferencial Trade Agreements, Gravity Equation, Multilateral Resistance, trade effects, equation, trade effect, trade agreements,

The introduction of the euro generated substantial interest in measuring the impact of currency unions (CUs) on trade flows. Rose's (2000) initial estimates suggested a tripling of trade and created a literature in...

One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark

One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark »

Source: One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark

Volume/Issue: 2009/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , and Theo Eicher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873337

Keywords: Preferencial Trade Agreements, Gravity Equation, Multilateral Resistance, trade effects, equation, trade effect, trade agreements,

The introduction of the euro generated substantial interest in measuring the impact of currency unions (CUs) on trade flows. Rose's (2000) initial estimates suggested a tripling of trade and created a literature in...

In Search of WTO Trade Effects
			: Preferential Trade Agreements Promote Trade Strongly, But Unevenly

In Search of WTO Trade Effects : Preferential Trade Agreements Promote Trade Strongly, But Unevenly »

Volume/Issue: 2009/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Theo Eicher , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871784.001

ISBN: 9781451871784

Keywords: Preferential Trade Agreements, Multilateral Resistance, Country-Pair Fixed Effects, Omitted Variable Bias, trade creation, trade effects, trade agreements, trade flows, equation,

The literature measuring the impact of Preferential Trade Agreements (PTA) and WTO membership on trade flows has produced remarkably diverse results. Rose's (2004) seminal paper reports a range of specifications th...

In Search of WTO Trade Effects

In Search of WTO Trade Effects »

Source: In Search of WTO Trade Effects : Preferential Trade Agreements Promote Trade Strongly, But Unevenly

Volume/Issue: 2009/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Theo Eicher , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451871784

Keywords: Preferential Trade Agreements, Multilateral Resistance, Country-Pair Fixed Effects, Omitted Variable Bias, trade creation, trade effects, trade agreements, trade flows, equation,

The literature measuring the impact of Preferential Trade Agreements (PTA) and WTO membership on trade flows has produced remarkably diverse results. Rose's (2004) seminal paper reports a range of specifications th...