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A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies »

Source: A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2014/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484398241

Keywords: Education expenditure, efficiency, hybrid, developing economies, emerging economies, education spending, expenditure, educational outcomes, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

The measurement of the efficiency of public education expenditure using parametric and non-parametric methods has proven challenging. This paper seeks to overcome the difficulties of earlier studies by using a hybr...

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2014/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484398241.001

ISBN: 9781484398241

Keywords: Education expenditure, efficiency, hybrid, developing economies, emerging economies, education spending, expenditure, educational outcomes, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

The measurement of the efficiency of public education expenditure using parametric and non-parametric methods has proven challenging. This paper seeks to overcome the difficulties of earlier studies by using a hybr...

How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers?

How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers? »

Source: How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers?

Volume/Issue: 2011/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ethan Ilzetzki , Enrique Mendoza , and Carlos Végh Gramont

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218028

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fiscal multipliers, government expenditure

We contribute to the intense debate on the real effects of fiscal stimuli by showing that the impact of government expenditure shocks depends crucially on key country characteristics, such as the level of developme...

How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers?

How Big (Small?) are Fiscal Multipliers? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ethan Ilzetzki , Enrique Mendoza , and Carlos Végh Gramont

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455218028.001

ISBN: 9781455218028

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fiscal multipliers, government expenditure

We contribute to the intense debate on the real effects of fiscal stimuli by showing that the impact of government expenditure shocks depends crucially on key country characteristics, such as the level of developme...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350024.044

ISBN: 9781616350024

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, direct investment, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2009

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2009 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068728.044

ISBN: 9781589068728

Keywords: liabilities, debt, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, equity securities, money market, money market instruments, debt securities, bonds

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2008

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2008 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067530.044

ISBN: 9781589067530

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of Payments Statistics Publication, liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, direct investment, bonds

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

6 Conclusion: A Perspective on Future Challenges

6 Conclusion: A Perspective on Future Challenges »

Source: The IMF's Data Dissemination Initiative After Ten Years

Series: Books

Author(s): William Alexander , John Cady , and Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2008

ISBN: 9781589067004

Keywords: sdds, statistics, international reserves, exchange rate, central banks

In its first 10 years, the IMF’s Data Dissemination Initiative has had a demonstrable positive impact on data dissemination. Currently, the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS) and the Special Data Disse...

5 Exchange Rate Volatility and Reserves Transparency

5 Exchange Rate Volatility and Reserves Transparency »

Source: The IMF's Data Dissemination Initiative After Ten Years

Series: Books

Author(s): William Alexander , John Cady , and Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2008

ISBN: 9781589067004

Keywords: sdds, statistics, international reserves, exchange rate, central banks

The financial crises of the 1990s revealed a need for the dissemination of more comprehensive data on foreign currency liquidity positions to help prevent similar crises. In 1998, the IMF began working on in...

The IMF's Data Dissemination Initiative After Ten Years

The IMF's Data Dissemination Initiative After Ten Years »

Series: Books

Author(s): William Alexander , John Cady , and Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067004.071

ISBN: 9781589067004

Keywords: sdds, statistics, international reserves, exchange rate, central banks

The Data Dissemination Initiative was launched in the mid-1990s as part of a broader internationally-agreed-upon initiative to strengthen transparency and promote good governance practices by establishing standards...