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Yasemin Bal Gunduz, Mr. Christian H Ebeke, Ms. Burcu Hacibedel, Ms. Linda Kaltani, Ms. Vera V Kehayova, Mr. Chris Lane, Mr. Christian Mumssen, Miss Nkunde Mwase, and Mr. Joseph Thornton

Abstract

This paper aims to assess the economic impact of the IMF’s support through its facilities for low-income countries. It relies on two complementary econometric analyses: the first investigates the longer-term impact of IMF engagement—primarily through successive medium-term programs under the Extended Credit Facility and its predecessors (and more recently the Policy Support Instrument)—on economic growth and a range of other indicators and socioeconomic outcomes; the second focuses on the role of IMF shock-related financing—through augmentations of Extended Credit Facility arrangements and short-term and emergency financing instruments—on short-term macroeconomic performance.

International Monetary Fund
This Joint Staff Advisory Note presents key findings of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Annual Progress Report for the Republic of Mozambique. The government of Mozambique is committed to its medium-term fiscal strategy to make room for private sector credit by avoiding recourse to domestic financing. The government has made large domestic debt repayments since 2002. The IMF staff welcomes the broad coverage of macroeconomic developments in 2007 and the assessment of performance against targets laid out in the government’s Economic and Social Plan for 2007.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses key findings of the Second Review Under the Policy Support Instrument for Mozambique. Overall performance under the program was satisfactory but encountered unexpected challenges. Domestic revenues were stronger than envisaged, but the end-December 2007 assessment criterion (AC) on net credit to government (NCG) was missed largely because of aid shortfalls for onlending to public enterprises and deficiencies in cash-flow management that are being addressed. Monetary policy remained prudent, but the end-year AC on reserve money was missed.
International Monetary Fund
The strong macroeconomic performance and the implementation of prudent fiscal and monetary policies and a flexible exchange rate regime have helped Mozambique to perform well under the Policy Support Instrument (PSI). Executive Directors advised to maintain macroeconomic stability and accelerate structural reforms to sustain rapid growth. Directors stressed the need for fiscal transparency and adopting regulations to the Mining and Petroleum Fiscal Regime laws. Directors appreciated the principles of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, welcomed its monetary policy stance, and encouraged authorities to embark on revenue efforts to achieve the MDGs.
International Monetary Fund
This paper proposes an approach to making the MTS operational as it relates to the Fund’s work in LICs that would define more precisely the Fund’s responsibility and accountability in the PRSP and donor collaboration processes. The proposed activities are not “new,” but represent an intensification of existing work and its extension to the all LICs as appropriate. This would help clarify expectations as to the Fund’s role, and establish a consistent institutional approach to collaborating with donors and other stakeholders on the ground.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses the Republic of Mozambique’s 2007 Article IV Consultation and Sixth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). The post-conflict rebound has largely run its course, and first-generation reforms are completed; a second wave of reforms is needed to sustain broad-based growth and further reduce poverty. Achieving the non-income-related Millennium Development Goals also requires scaling up basic services without undermining macroeconomic stability. The PRGF program helped maintain macroeconomic stability in the face of exogenous shocks and addressed the structural weaknesses identified in the Ex Post Assessment.
International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Abstract

Alors que le débat sur le rôle joué par le FMI auprès des pays à faible revenu se poursuit, le Bureau indépendant d’évaluation (BIE) a entrepris d’examiner les modalités et l’efficacité de l’aide que l’institution apporte à l’Afrique subsaharienne. Ce rapport s'intéresse plus particulièrement aux politiques conduites et aux pratiques suivies par le FMI dans les opérations appuyées par la facilité pour la réduction de la pauvreté et pour la croissance (FRPC), principal canal du travail opérationnel de l’institution dans les pays à faible revenu entre 1999 et 2005. Le rapport formule également des recommandations pour accroître la cohérence — tant réelle que perçue — des politiques et activités de l’institution liées à l’aide à l’Afrique subsaharienne.

International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Abstract

This independent evaluation of the IMF’s role and performance in the determination and use of aid to low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa is presented at a ground-level view. Country performance has improved in many sub-Saharan Africa countries over the period, and the report details the role of the IMF’s programs, as well as perceptions of that role. The report is an important contribution to following through on the IMF’s commitment to its Poverty Reduction Strategy and makes three main recommendations for improving the coherence—actual and perceived—of the IMF’s policies and actions relating to aid to sub-Saharan Africa going forward.

International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Abstract

This independent evaluation of the IMF’s role and performance in the determination and use of aid to low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa is presented at a ground-level view. Country performance has improved in many sub-Saharan Africa countries over the period, and the report details the role of the IMF’s programs, as well as perceptions of that role. The report is an important contribution to following through on the IMF’s commitment to its Poverty Reduction Strategy and makes three main recommendations for improving the coherence—actual and perceived—of the IMF’s policies and actions relating to aid to sub-Saharan Africa going forward.

International Monetary Fund
This Joint Staff Advisory Note (JSAN) of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PARPA) for the Republic of Mozambique highlights the poverty situation and macroeconomic and fiscal frameworks. The strategy to consolidate macroeconomic stability and accelerate the second wave of reforms in PARPA II should facilitate sustained broad-based growth and poverty reduction. A good investment climate is essential for the development of the private sector, thereby fostering broad-based growth and employment creation. There is a need to develop systems for a timely delivery and improved dissemination of key results to the public.