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International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

KEY ISSUESContext: Over the last two decades, good governance and sound macroeconomic management have delivered remarkable economic and social progress to Cabo Verde. More recently, however, growth has slowed due to the prolonged downturn in Europe and a sharp deterioration in domestic confidence. A longer-term decline in the contribution of total factor productivity to growth may also have played a role. Financial stability risks have increased with the rise in non-performing loans and fall in bank profitability. The country remains vulnerable to external shocks, given its dependence on tourism, remittances, and concessional financing. Over the longer term, Cabo Verde�s challenge as a new middle-income country is to bolster productivity and diversify the sources of growth.Fiscal consolidation remains critical to safeguard macroeconomic and debt sustainability. Budgetary plans for 2014 and the medium term entail rising public debt, and are subject to downside risks to revenue. The authorities have already decided on a package of expenditure containment measures for 2014�17. However, given the high albeit sustainable level of public debt, further measures are needed to put public debt on a more robust downward path. Bolstering domestic revenue mobilization, increasing the efficiency of public investment, and managing existing infrastructure better are also central to sound public finances.International reserves have recovered, which provided room to ease monetary policy in support of the recovery. In the absence of imminent pressures on the balance of payments or on prices, and with private sector credit growth having stalled, the central bank has cut the policy rate. At the same time, given pressures on the banking system, continued vigilance regarding risks to financial stability is warranted.Structural reforms hold the key to bolstering competitiveness, creating jobs, and delivering inclusive growth. Increasing labor market efficiency and reducing skill mismatches would be particularly beneficial in this regard. Enhancing the efficiency of state-owned enterprises is also essential to improve delivery of infrastructure services.Data are adequate for surveillance purposes, though some key shortcomings remain. In particular, national accounts data are released with a long delay.This complicates the formulation of macroeconomic policies.

International Monetary Fund

This 2012 Article IV Consultation focuses on the financial sector and macroeconomic situation in Vietnam. The authorities adopted a stabilization package in February 2011 in response to increasing pressures on prices and the exchange rate in late 2010. Executive Directors commended the tightening of macroeconomic policies in 2011, which contributed to declining inflation, stabilizing the exchange rate, and a rebuilding of international reserves. Directors also recommended that monetary policy give priority to reducing inflation and rebuilding reserves further.

International Monetary Fund
Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world. The country is emerging from more than a decade of civil conflict. The World Bank’s country assistance strategy focuses on structural reforms to further increase growth and reduce poverty. The economy is emerging from the effects of the global crisis. Performance under the Extended Credit Facility-supported (ECF) program has been satisfactory. The discussions focus on the appropriate policy mix to consolidate economic stability and support recovery of the economy. The economy is expected to continue to recover from the effects of the global crisis.
International Monetary Fund

The staff report for the 2010 Article IV Consultation underlies that in recent years, Mongolia’s economy has performed quite well. The inflation pressures reflected a relaxation of monetary and fiscal policies and large increases in prices for food and fuel. The debt service burden and international reserves are expected to remain at comfortable levels. Executive Directors welcomed the authorities’ purpose to review plans for the establishment of a development bank, taking account of the know-how elsewhere so as to avoid creating unfair competition in the financial sector.

International Monetary Fund

There has been progress in strengthening public financial management; however, improving budget execution and strengthening public finances is required. The tax and custom administration reforms will help bolster private sector-led growth and meet the ambitious revenue target to finance priority expenditure. Monetary and exchange rate policy is required to reduce inflation while preventing an overshooting of the exchange rate. Further progress is needed to foster financial sector development. A more ambitious rehabilitation plan for the electricity sector needs to be designed and implemented with urgency.

International Monetary Fund

The Czech Republic’s strong fundamentals helped to sustain economic growth with low unemployment and underpin strides toward convergence with EU-15. Executive Directors welcomed the euro accession strategy and the sustained implementation of the Maastricht criteria, which would provide a solid foundation for euro adoption. They commended the sound financial system and prudent monetary policies and supported policy tightening to counter rising inflation pressures. Directors highlighted the need to sustain fiscal consolidation, promote labor participation, and lower structural unemployment in alleviating fiscal adjustment.

International Monetary Fund
The Czech Republic’s strong fundamentals helped to sustain economic growth with low unemployment and underpin strides toward convergence with EU-15. Executive Directors welcomed the euro accession strategy and the sustained implementation of the Maastricht criteria, which would provide a solid foundation for euro adoption. They commended the sound financial system and prudent monetary policies and supported policy tightening to counter rising inflation pressures. Directors highlighted the need to sustain fiscal consolidation, promote labor participation, and lower structural unemployment in alleviating fiscal adjustment.
International Monetary Fund

Cape Verde showed strong economic performance owing to its strong policies and macroeconomic stability under the Policy Support Instrument (PSI). Executive Directors appreciated the authorities' plan to consolidate macroeconomic stability, improve public sector financial management and tax administration, and strengthen regulation and supervision of the financial sector while reducing fiscal risks. They applauded the Bank of Cape Verde's (BCV) role in strengthening its framework for regulation and supervision. They stressed the need to strengthen the energy sector to enhance growth and poverty reduction. They welcomed the framework to combat money-laundering and financing of terrorism.

International Monetary Fund

Burundi showed commendable performance owing to its prudent macroeconomic policies and ambitious structural reforms under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Executive Directors appreciated its macroeconomic stability, strong fiscal discipline, and prudent monetary policies in support of low inflation objectives. They emphasized the need to reduce poverty, sustain macroeconomic stability, and strengthen implementation of structural reforms in reaching the MDGs. They appreciated the efforts taken to deepen implementation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), which offers a framework for the diversification of growth and exports, the improvement of public finance management, and the integration of the regional and global economy.

International Monetary Fund

The staff report for the 2007 Article IV Consultation on the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) explains economic performance. Growth is robust and increasingly reliant on large export-oriented mining and hydropower projects. The economic outlook is promising, but the outcome clearly depends on the government’s policy response to the emerging resource bonanza. The current fiscal regimes for the resource sector have several sound features, but some improvements are needed to align them to best international practices.