International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This Selected Issues paper discusses the options for financing the government fiscal deficit in Saudi Arabia. The Saudi government is working to develop a comprehensive strategy to meet its budget financing needs. Although external borrowing could alleviate pressure on the domestic market, it will also create new risks. Reliance on foreign investors may help further enhance transparency. Foreign investors’ demand for diversification could also allow the Saudi government to enjoy attractive yields. Broadening the investor base and ensuring that the government’s debt issuance supports the development of the private debt market could help alleviate some of the negative economic and financial effects of higher government debt.
This paper presents findings of the First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA) for the Republic of Kosovo. The paper highlights that macroeconomic and financial policies are broadly on-track. All end-April and continuous quantitative performance criteria under the SBA were met with comfortable margins, as a modest shortfall in revenue collection was overcompensated by underexecution of spending. The program’s key objectives remain restoring a sustainable fiscal position and sufficient government cash buffers, anchoring fiscal policy through the introduction of a fiscal rule, and enhancing the resilience of the financial system.
The Executive Board of the IMF has completed the fifth review of Greece’s economic performance under a program supported by a three-year Stand-By Arrangement (SBA) for the country. The completion of the review enables the immediate disbursement of an amount equivalent to SDR1.9 billion, bringing total IMF disbursements under the SBA to an amount equivalent to SDR 17.5 billion. The creation of a national unity government and the endorsement of program objectives and policies by major parties is an important step.
The Executive Board approved a three-year Stand-by Arrangement for Greece in the amount of SDR 26.4 billion. Purchases have been made at the time of approval and upon completion of each of the first four reviews. The authorities decided to promote a number of actions, including a further reduction in the public sector salaries, cuts in pensions, the creation of a labor reserve, significant tax expenditure reductions, and the introduction of a property tax. The authorities are accelerating the implementation of structural reforms aimed at promoting employment, investment, and market efficiency.
This study is carried out against a backdrop of deep divisions in Greece and in Europe over how to handle the challenges now confronting Greece. Greece’s deeper medium-term policy needs and identifying ways to replace the expected market financing are discussed. Structural reforms tackled to strengthen the competitiveness and help the country integrate into the euro area. Finally, Greece has specified the policies necessary to overcome recent inertia and deliver program objectives, and a memorandum of financial and economic policies is discussed.
Depuis plusieurs années, le FMI publie un nombre croissant de rapports et autres documents couvrant l'évolution et les tendances économiques et financières dans les pays membres. Chaque rapport, rédigé par une équipe des services du FMI à la suite d'entretiens avec des représentants des autorités, est publié avec l'accord du pays concerné.