This Technical Assistance Report discusses the findings and recommendations made by the IMF mission regarding the balance of payments, international investment position, and secondary income statistics in El Salvador. The mission reviewed progress made on the recommendations for the Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS). Although El Salvador is currently reporting data to the CDIS, there are some topics that need improvement, particularly the positions of the shareholders of the three most important financial groups and their subsidiaries to avoid duplicate entries. The mission agreed with the authorities regarding the monitoring of processing payment vouchers sent to the Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador by banks and other entities paying remittances for amounts exceeding the threshold of US$500 to complete the personal transfers’ estimates.
This Technical Assistance Report discusses the findings and recommendations made by the IMF mission about the compilation of Coordinated Direct Investment Survey and Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS) in El Salvador. The mission recommended the authorities to research the nature of the information available that may be useful for starting the CPIS. This entails discussions regarding the forms designed during the mission for requesting information from new sources. It was also recommended to continue efforts to improve the coverage of surveys applied to nonfinancial private sector enterprises, with emphasis on the largest enterprises that are still reluctant to respond to the balance-of-payments questionnaires.
This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that Estonia’s economic growth has slowed following the rebound from the deep recession in 2009. Although Estonia’s economic and institutional fundamentals are among the strongest in the region, the economy is expected to expand by only a modest 1.6 percent in 2015. Growth is primarily driven by private consumption, which benefits from strong wage growth as labor market slack diminishes for demographic reasons. The economy should gather speed going forward. Growth is projected at 2.5 percent for 2016 and should average about 3 percent over the next few years.
Andrés Fernández, Mr. Michael W Klein, Mr. Alessandro Rebucci, Mr. Martin Schindler, and Martin Uribe
This paper presents a new dataset of capital control restrictions on both inflows and outflows
of 10 categories of assets for 100 countries over the period 1995 to 2013. Building on the data
in Schindler (2009) and other datasets based on the analysis of the IMF’s Annual Report on
Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions (AREAER), this dataset includes
additional asset categories, more countries, and a longer time period. The paper discusses in
detail the construction of the dataset and characterizes the data with respect to the prevalence
and correlation of controls across asset categories and between controls on inflows and
controls on outflows, the aggregation of the separate categories into broader indicators, and
the comparison of this dataset with other indicators of capital controls.
This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that in 2013, Estonia’s recovery from the crisis continued but at a slower pace. Real GDP growth was 0.8 percent, with private consumption providing the main support, although net exports made a negative contribution. Inflation declined to about 3½ percent, but stayed above the euro average. Public finances remained strong, with a fiscal deficit of 0.2 percent of GDP and a gross public debt of 10 percent of GDP. Real GDP growth is projected at 2.4 percent in 2014, rising toward expected potential growth of 3 to 3.5 percent in the medium term.
La sixième édition du Manuel de la balance des paiements et de la position extérieure globale présente des normes révisées et mises à jour pour les concepts, définitions et classifications des statistiques des comptes internationaux. Ces normes sont utilisées à l'échelle mondiale pour établir des données complètes et comparables. La sixième édition est la dernière d'une série entamée par le FMI en 1948. Elle est le produit d'une vaste consultation et fournit des précisions demandées par les utilisateurs. Elle se penche aussi sur des sujets tels que la mondialisation, l'innovation financière et l'analyse bilantielle, qui suscite un intérêt croissant.
Estonia has succeeded in reducing its macroeconomic imbalances and vulnerabilities, but faces the challenge of preserving its hard-earned fiscal and financial stability and enhancing long-term growth prospects. In this regard, adopting a fully fledged medium-term fiscal framework can help assess policy trade-offs and avoid procyclical policies. Financial sector stability can be safeguarded by strengthening macroprudential policies. Deeper Nordic-Baltic cross-border prudential arrangements and the EU banking union can enhance financial stability. Estonia needs to safeguard its external competitiveness, address skill mismatches, and accelerate human capital accumulation.
The sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual presents revised and updated standards for concepts, definitions, and classifications for international accounts statistics. These standards are used globally to compile comprehensive and comparable data. The sixth edition is the latest in a series that the IMF began in 1948. It is the result of widespread consultation and provides elaboration and clarification requested by users. In addition, it focuses on developments such as globalization, financial market innovation, and increasing interest in balance sheet analysis.
La sexta edición del Manual de Balanza de Pagos y Posición de Inversión Internacional presenta normas revisadas y actualizadas para los conceptos, las definiciones y las clasificaciones de las estadísticas de las cuentas internacionales. Estas normas se usan a escala mundial para compilar datos exhaustivos y comparables. Esta sexta edición es la más reciente de una serie que el FMI empezó en 1948. Es el resultado de un amplio proceso consultivo, que amplía y aclara la información relacionada con los pedidos de los usuarios. Además, se centra en cuestiones como la globalización, la innovación en el mercado financiero y el creciente interés el análisis del balance.
The staff report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation concluded that a vibrant recovery marked Estonia’s first year in the euro area, albeit amid nascent tensions. The economy’s strong rebound has been grounded in a proven track record of prudent macroeconomic policies. Executive Directors endorsed that Estonia faces an increasingly challenging environment as it looks to continue implementing policies preserving macroeconomic policy credibility and safeguarding sustainable growth. They also stated that, for the financial sector, the challenge entails safeguarding stability in the context of heightened global financial tension.